Unique Organizational Competencies of Brazilian Technological Innovation

Zandra Balbinot, Julie Cristini Dias, Rafael Borim-de-Souza

Abstract


The general objective of this research was to identify the unique organizational competences of Brazilian Technological Innovation Centers (TICs). We developed a theoretical framework that deals with technological innovation centers and unique organizational competences. Empirical research consisted of two sequential phases, the first qualitative and the second quantitative. The qualitative phase consisted of semi-structured interviews that were chosen through non-probabilistic selection criteria. The quantitative phase made use of a survey questionnaire that was mailed to individuals responsible for the TICs participating in the National Forum of Managers of Innovation and Technology Transfer and the Intellectual Property Network of the State of Minas Gerais. The unique organizational competences encountered were: intellectual property; national patenting; consulting services rendered by individual professors or researchers; identification of the areas of excellence in research of scientific and technological institutions via the number of registered patents, the number of scientific publications, declared lines of research, and the presence of related research groups.

Keywords


Brazilian Technological Innovation Centers, Unique Organizational Competencies, Census.

Full Text:

PDF [en]

References


ASHEIN, B.T., Isaksen, A. (2002) Regional innovation systems: the integration of local ‘sticky’ and global ‘ubiquitous’ knowledge. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 27 (1), p.77-86.

AUGIER, M.; Teece, D.J. (2008) Strategy as evolution with design: the foundations of dynamic capabilities of the role of managers in the economic system. Organization Studies, 29 (8), p.1187-1208.

BARNEy, J.B. (1991) Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management, 17 (1), p.99-121.

BRANCA TERRA, B. R. C. dos S. e S. R. (2001). A trans- ferência de tecnologia em universidades empreendedoras: um caminho para a inovação tecnológica. Rio de Janeiro: Qualitymark.

BRASIL. Lei da Inovação nº 10.973, de 04 de dezembro de 2004. Estabelece medidas de incentivos à inovação e à pesquisa científica e tecnológica no ambiente produtivo e dá outras providências. Diário Oficial [da República Federativa do Brasil], Brasília, DF, v. 3, n. 1, 04 dez. 2004. Seção 1, p. 548-561.

BURGELMAN, R. A., Maidique, M. A., Wheelwright, S. C. (2001). Strategic Management of Technology and Innovation. New york: McGraw Hill.

CASSIOLATO, J. E., Lastres, H. M. M., & Maciel, M. L. (Eds.) (2003) System of Innovation and Development. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

COLLIS, D. J., Montgomery, C. A. (1995). Competing on resources: strategy in the 1990s. Harvard Business Review. Jul/Ago.

CROPLEy, D.H; Kaufman, J.C.; Cropley, A.J. (2011) Mea- suring creativity for innovation management. Journal of Technology Management and Innovation, 6 (3), p.13-30.

CUNHA, N. C. V. (1999). Mecanismos de interação uni- versidade-empresa e seus agentes: o gatekeeper e o agente universitário de interação. REAd. 5 (1), p.35-47.

DIERICKx, I.; Cool, K. (1989) Asset stock accumulation and sustainability of competitive advantage. Management Science, 35 (1), p.1504-1511.

DOSI, G. (2002) Technological paradigms an technological trajectories: a suggested interpretation of the determinants and directions of technical change. Research Policy, 11 (3), p.147-162.

DREJER, A. (2002) Stategic Management and Core Competencies. New york: Quorumbooks.

ESHAN, M. (2008). Strategies to develop university-industry linkages in Sri-Lanka: research studies on tertiary education sector. Sri-Lanka: National Education Comission.

ETZKOWITZ, H. (2004) The evolution of entrepreneurial university. International Journal of Technology and Globalisation, 1 (1), p.64-77.

ETZKOWITZ, H., Leydesdorff, L. (2000). The dynamics of innovation: from National Systems and “Mode 2” to a Triple Helix of university-industry-government relations. Research policy, 29 (1), p. 109-123.

FINCH-LEES, T.; Mabey, C.; Liefooghe, A. (2005) In the name of capability: a critical discursive evaluation of competency-based management development. Human Rela- tions, 58 (9), p.1185-1222.

FLEURy, M. T. L., Fleury, A. (2001). Construindo o conceito de competência. Revista de Administração Contemporânea. Edição Especial, p.183-196.

FREILING, J.; Gersch, M.; Goeke, C. (2008) On the path towards a competence-based theory of the firm. Organization Studies, 29 (8), p.1143-1164.

FROEHLICH, C., Bitencourt, C. C. (2007). A dinâmica das competências organizacionais: a trajetória do grupo Paquetá. XXXI ENANPAD. Anais... Rio de Janeiro.

FUJINO, A., Stal, E., Plonski, G. A. (1999). A proteção do conhecimento na universidade. Revista de administração, 34 (4), p.46-55.

HAGEDOORN, J. (1993) Understanding the rationale of strategic technology partnering: nterorganizational modes of cooperation and sectoral differences. Strategic Management Journal, 14 (5), p.371-385.

JAVIDAN, M. (1998). Core Competence: What Does it Mean in Pratice? Long Range Planning, 31 (1), p. 60-71.

KEDIA, B.L.; Bhagat, R.S. (1988) Cultural constraints on transfer technology across nations: implications for research in international and comparative management. Academy of Management Review, 13 (4), p.559-571.

LE DEIST, F.D.; Winterton, J. (2005) What is competen- ce? Human Resource Development International, 8 (1), p.27-46.

LEONARD-BARTON, D. (1992) Core capabilities and core rigidities: a paradox in new product development. Strategic Management Journal, 13 (1), p.111-126.

LINK, A.N.; Siegel, D.S.; Bozeman, B. (2007). An empirical analysis of the propensity of academics to engage in informal university technology transfer. Industrial and Coporate Chante, 16 (4), p.641-655.

LOTUFO, R. de A., (2009). A institucionalização dos Núcleos de Inovação Tecnológica e a experiência da Inova Unicamp. In: Santos, M. E. R. dos, Toledo, P. T. M. de, Lotufo, R. de A. (Orgs.). Transferência de Tecnologia: estratégias para estruturação e gestão dos Núcleos de Inovação Tecnológica. Campinas: Komedi, p. 41-74.

MAEHLER, A.E.; Curado, C.M.M.; Pedrozo, E.A.; Pires, J.P. (2011) Knowledge transfer and innovation in Brazilian multinational companies. Journal of Technology Management and Innovation, 6 (4), p.2-14.

MILLS, J.; Platts, K.; Bourne, M.; Richards, H. (2002) Strategy Performance: competing through competences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

MOWERy, D.C.; Oxley, J. (1995) Inward technology transfer and competitiveness: the role of national innovation systems. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 19 (1), p.67-93.

PENROSE, E.T. (1959) The Theory of the Growth of the Firm. New york: Wiley.

PETERAF, M. A., (1993). The cornerstones of competitive advantage: a resource-based view. Strategic Management Journal. 14 (3), p. 179-191.

PLONSKI, G. A. (1999). Cooperação universidade-empresa: um desafio gerencial complexo. Revista de administração, 34 (4), p. 5-12.

PRAHALAD, C. K., Hamel, G. (1990). The core competence of the corporation. Harvard Business Review, 68 (3), p. 79-91.

PRESTES MOTTA, F. C., Bresser Pereira, L. C. (1980). In- trodução a organização burocrática. São Paulo: Thomson.

ROCHA, F. (1999) Inter-firm technological cooperation: effects on absortive capacity, firm-size and specialization. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 8 (3), p.253-371.

RUAS, R. (2005). Gestão por competências: uma contribuição à estratégia das organizações. In: Ruas, R., Anto- nello, C. S.; Boff, L. H., Aprendizagem organizacional e competências. Porto Alegre: Bookman, p. 34-53.

RUAS, R. L., Dutra, J. S., Becker, G. V. (2008). Configurando a trajetória de desenvolvimento de competências organizacionais: um estudo de caso em empresa da cadeia automobilística. In: Ruas, R. L., Dutra, J. S., Fleury, M. T. L. (Orgs); Competências: conceitos, métodos e experiências. São Paulo: Atlas, p.51-79.

RUMELT, R. (1984). Toward a strategic theory of the firm. Competitive strategic management. Englewood Cliffs, Nj: Prentice-Hall, 1984.

SANTANA, E. E. de, Porto, G. S., (2009). E agora, o que fazer com essa tecnologia? Um estudo multicaso sobre as possibilidades de transferência de tecnologia na USP- RP. Revista de Administração Contemporânea. 13 (3), p. 410-429.

SANTOS, M. E. R, (2009). Boas práticas de gestão em Núcleos de Inovação Tecnológica. In: Santos, M. E. R. dos, To- ledo, P. T. M. de, Lotufo, R. de A. (Orgs.). Transferência de Tecnologia: estratégias para estruturação e gestão dos NúcleosdeInovaçãoTecnológica.Campinas:Komedi,p.75-108.

SCHEEL, C. (2002) Knowledge clusters of technological innovation systems. Journal of Knowledge Management, 6 (4), p.356-367.

SEGATTO-MENDES, A. P., Sbragia, R. (2002). O processo de cooperação universidade-empresa em universidades brasileiras. Revista de Administração. 37 (4), p. 58-71.

SEGATTO-MENDES, A.P.; Mendes, N. (2006) University- industry technological cooperation for energy efficiency: a case study. Brazilian Administration Review, 3 (1), p.31-45.

SIEGEL, D. S. et al, (2004). Toward a model of the effective transfer of scientific knowledge from academicians to practitioners: qualitative evidence from the commercialization of university technologies. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management. 21 (1-2), p. 115-142.

SMITH, R. (2008) Harnessing competencies, capabilities and resources. Technology Management, 51 (5), p.47-53.

Stal, E., Fujino, A. (2005) As relações universidade-empresa no Brasil sob a ótica da lei de inovação. Revista de Administração da Inovação, 2 (1), p. 5-19.

TEECE, D.J. (2007) Explaining dynamic capabilities: the nature and microfoundations of (sustainable) enterprise performance. Strategic Management Journal, 28 (1), 1319-1350.

TOLEDO, P. T. M. (2009). A gestão estratégica dos Núcleos de Inovação Tencológica: Cenários, desafios e perspectivas. In: Santos, M. E. R. dos, Toledo, P. T. M. de, Lotufo, R. de A. (Orgs.). Transferência de Tecnologia: estratégias para estruturação e gestão dos Núcleos de Inovação Tecnológica. Campinas: Komedi, p.109-166.

TORKOMIAN, A. L. V. (2009) Panorama dos Núcleos de Inovação Tecnológica no Brasil. In: Santos, M. E. R. dos, To- ledo, P. T. M. de, Lotufo, R. de A. (Orgs.). Transferência de Tecnologia: estratégias para estruturação e gestão dos Nú- cleos de Inovação Tecnológica. Campinas: Komedi, p.21-38.

WERNEFELT, B. (1984) A resource-based view of the firm. Strategic Management Journal, 5 (1), p.171-180.

ZAHRA, S.A. (1996) Technology strategy and new ven- ture performance: a study of corporate-sponsored and independent biotechnology ventures. Journal of Business Venturing, 11 (4), p.289-321.

ZAWISLAK, P.A.; Dalmarco, G. (2011) The silent run: new issues and outcomes for university-industry relations in Brazil. Journal of Technology Management and Innova- tion, 6 (2), p.66-82.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-27242012000100001



Copyright (c)



2017 © Universidad Alberto Hurtado - Facultad de Economía y Negocios. 
Erasmo Escala 1835 - Santiago, Chile.
Economic Analysis Review | Observatorio Económico | Gestión y Tendencias 

Journal Supported by Chimera Innova Group