A Two-Dimensional Framework for RFID Adoption and Diffusion: Strategic Implications for Developing Countries


  • Nyoman Adhiarna Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)
  • Yoon-Min Hwang
  • Jae-Jeung Rho




RFID adoption, success factors, IT adoption, developing countries, level of analysis, stages of adoption


Although there has been a growing interest in studying RFID in various application areas, little research has been undertaken to address applications in developing countries. Among the research that has been undertaken in developing countries, organizational perspectives have received considerable attention but less has been undertaken from other perspectives such as industry and country level. In this paper, a literature study of RFID adoption from different perspectives is presented and focuses on the stages of adoption, level of analysis, and issues of developing countries. A stage-scale (2S) framework is proposed to help identify relevant success factors in RFID adoption and diffusion, as well as its relation to other factors. It is concluded that the proposed framework is useful in providing a broad view of RFID adoption and in observing the dynamic changes in RFID issues from different stages, which is useful for policy and decision makers. Based on this framework, most factors of RFID adoption in developing countries fall within the preliminary stage, while the factors that are shared with developed countries are mostly situated in intermediate stages.


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Author Biography

Nyoman Adhiarna, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)



Personal Profile

The first author is currently a research scholar and Ph.D candidate at Korea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology (KAIST), Korea. During his career, he was working for several government and business organizations in different areas from technology and business development to telecommunication & IT policy.


Education and Qualifications



Ph. D program (IT Business track)

Information & Telecommunication Technology Program (ITTP)

Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)


Daejeon, Republic of Korea

Research Interests: RFID applications, IT adoption and diffusion, Telecommunication management and policy


1997  M. Eng (Manufacturing Systems Engineering)

Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT)          Melbourne, Australia


1989 BS (Industrial Engineering)

Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB)

Bandung, Indonesia



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How to Cite

Adhiarna, N., Hwang, Y.-M., & Rho, J.-J. (2011). A Two-Dimensional Framework for RFID Adoption and Diffusion: Strategic Implications for Developing Countries. Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, 6(2), 189–202. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-27242011000200013




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