Systematic Review of The Literature on the Concept of Civil Society In the Quadruple Helix Framework

Authors

  • Paulina González-Martinez Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena
  • Domingo García-Pérez-De-Lema Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena, España
  • Mauricio Castillo-Vergara Departamento Gestión y Negocios. Facultad de Economía y Negocios. Universidad Alberto Hurtado
  • Peter Bent Hansen Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

Keywords:

quadruple helix, society, citizen, innovation, innovation

Abstract

The literature has shown the importance of incorporating civil society into the regional innovation system to favor companies' long-term growth. This research aims to carry out a systematic review on the definition and classification of society in the innovation model based on the contexts that relate to the university, business, and government. The results show that the concept of civil society has been approached in the literature from four perspectives: demand-side, media and culture, independent non-profit, and intermediary organizations. These results may help clarify the concept of civil society, having significant implications for academics and companies, and regional innovation agencies that promote the participation of civil society in their innovation systems.

Author Biography

Mauricio Castillo-Vergara, Departamento Gestión y Negocios. Facultad de Economía y Negocios. Universidad Alberto Hurtado

Profesor

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Published

2021-12-27

How to Cite

González-Martinez, P., García-Pérez-De-Lema, D. ., Castillo-Vergara, M., & Bent Hansen, P. . (2021). Systematic Review of The Literature on the Concept of Civil Society In the Quadruple Helix Framework. Journal of Technology Management &Amp; Innovation, 16(4), 85–95. Retrieved from https://www.jotmi.org/index.php/GT/article/view/3850

Issue

Section

Review