The Fuzzy Boundaries in Start-up Firms Industries. A Social Network Analysis


  • Jubalt Alvarez-Salazar Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú



Industry boundaries, Start-ups, Social Network Analysis, Pacific Alliance


This paper aims to explore and describe the way in which start-up firms are grouped into industries. To this end, a quantitative research approach is presented, applying a social network analysis to a sample of Pacific Alliance start-ups, which were recorded in CrunchBase, considering their operational activities as linkage criteria. In this way, this document offers a new application to social network analysis to demonstrate the need for a different way of classifying start-ups that goes beyond the industry boundaries established by the traditional classification systems. It also shows that Pacific Alliance start-up industries are structured according to a pattern of dominant activity, applied technology and specific use. In addition, there is a concentration on mature or declining start-up industries, while growing industries are left in second order.


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How to Cite

Alvarez-Salazar, J. (2021). The Fuzzy Boundaries in Start-up Firms Industries. A Social Network Analysis. Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, 15(4), 30–42.



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