Evaluating R&D Program of the Brazilian Electricity Sector through Industrial Property Indicators

  • Josiel Gonçalves dos Santos FURNAS - CEFET/RJ
  • Cristina Gomes de Souza CEFET/RJ
  • Alexandre de Carvalho Castro CEFET/RJ
Keywords: R&D projects, industrial property, patents, ANEEL R&D program, Brazilian electricity sector.


The Law 9,991/2000 can be considered a milestone in the history of the ANEEL R&D Program, which was created to stimulate the technological development of the Brazilian Electricity Sector. Around R$ 4.5 billion were already invested in the program, covering more than 6,000 projects. Considering the amount of resources involved, the present study aimed to evaluate the results of this program, after the Law 9,221/2000, using industrial property indicators as a measure of performance. The research was based on a survey of the applications for patents and industrial designs, filed in the Brazilian Patent Office (INPI), by the 117 companies operating in the electricity generation segment. The findings showed: the companies that had at least one patent or industrial design application filed in the INPI after the Law 9,991/2000; the type of protection requested; and if the content of the application was related to the goals of the program.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...

Author Biographies

Josiel Gonçalves dos Santos, FURNAS - CEFET/RJ
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Tecnologia (PPTEC)
Cristina Gomes de Souza, CEFET/RJ
DIPPG - PPTEC (Programa de Pós-Graduação em Tecnologia)
Alexandre de Carvalho Castro, CEFET/RJ
DIPPG - PPTEC (Programa de Pós-Graduação em Tecnologia)


AHN, M.J., Zwikael, O., Bednarek, R. (2010). Technological invention to product innovation: a project management approach. International Journal of Project Management, 28, 559-568. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2009.11.001

ALMEIDA, M.F.L., Barreto JR., J.T., Frota, M.N. (2013). Apropriação econômica de resultados de P&D: o caso de uma empresa concessionária de energia elétrica no Brasil. In: XV Congreso Latino-Iberoamericana de Gestão da Tecnologia – ALTEC. INESC, Porto.

ANEEL – Agência Nacional de Energia Elétrica. (2012). Manual do programa de pesquisa e desenvolvimento do setor de energia elétrica. 2012. ANEEL, Brasília.

ANEEL – Agência Nacional de Energia Elétrica. (2013). P&D Revista Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento da ANEEL, 5. http://www.aneel.gov.br/biblioteca/downloads/livros/Revista%20P&D_05.pdf. [13 June 2014].

ARCHIBUGI, D., Pianta, M. (1996). Measuring technological change through patents and innovation surveys. Technovation, 16, 451-468. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0166-4972(96)00031-4.

BENEITO, P. (2006). The innovative performance of in-house and contracted R&D in terms of patents and utility models. Research Policy, 35 (4), 502-517. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2006.01.007.

BERGEK, A., Bruzelius, M. (2010). Are patents with multiple inventors from different countries a good indicator of international R&D collaboration? The case of ABB. Research Policy, 39, 1321-1334. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2010.08.002.

BREYER, C., Birkner, C., Meiss, J., Goldschmidt, J.C., Riede, M. (2013). A top-down analysis: Determining photovoltaics R&D investments from patent analysis and R&D headcount. Energy Policy, 62, 1570-1580. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2013.07.003.

CARVALHO, D. de S., De Oliveira, L.G., Winter, E., Mothé, C.G. (2009). Technological Foresight Based on Citing and Cited Patents of Cellulose with Pharmaceutical Applications. Journal of Technology Management & Innovation. 4 (4), 32-41. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0718-27242009000400003.

CHIN, L.Y. (1999). Patent information and documentation. In: World Intellectual Property Organization, Ministry of Internal & International Commerce and Food, Government of Sri Lanka and Sri Lanka Foundation (Orgs.). WIPO regional training course on intellectual property for developing countries of Asia and the Pacific. (Online). http://www.wipo.int/edocs/mdocs/sme/en/wipo_ip_cm_99/wipo_ip_cm_99_16.pdf. [10 April 2007].

COHEN, W. M., Nelson, R. R., Walsh, J. P. (2000). Protecting their intellectual assets: appropriability conditions and why U.S. manufacturing firms patent (or not). Working Paper 7552, National Bureau of Economic Research, Massachusetts.

DU, J., Leten, B., Vanhaverbeke, W. (2014). Managing open innovation projects with science-based and market-based partners. Research Policy, 43, 828-840. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2013.12.008.

FERREIRA, S.P., Negreiros, R.M.C. (2005). Indicadores, avaliação e instrumentos de gestão: a necessidade de coordenação. Parcerias Estratégicas, 20, 1095-1109.

FONTANA, R., Nuvolari, A., Shimizu, H., Vezzulli, A. (2013). Reassessing patent propensity: evidence from a dataset of R&D awards, 1977-2004. Research Policy, 42, 1780-1792. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2012.05.014.

FRICKMANN, F. dos S.S., Vasconcellos, A.G. (2013). Awakening the biodiversity potential trough ST&I investments in the sector of Amazonian biotechnology. Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, 8, 239-250. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0718-27242013000300022.

GRILICHES, Z. (1990). Patent statistics as economic indicators: a survey. Journal of Economic Literature, 28 (4), 1661–707. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3386/w3301.

GRUPP, H. (1998). Foundations of the economics of innovation: theory, measurement and practice. Edward Elgar Publishing, Massachusetts.

HAN, Y-J. (2007). Linking science and technology with industry. Journal of Technology Management & Innovation. 2 (2), 7-17.

JANNUZZI, A.H.L.; Amorim, R.C.R.; De Souza, C.G. (2007). Implicações da categorização e indexação na recuperação da informação tecnológica contida em documentos de patentes. Ciência da Informação, 36 (2), 27-34. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0100-19652007000200003.

KAYANO, J., Caldas, E.L. (2002). Indicadores para o Diálogo. GT Indicadores: Plataforma Contrapartes NOVIB. Texto de Apoio da Oficina 2. Série Indicadores. n. 8, São Paulo.

LOMBARDO, L. (2008). New indicators linking patenting and business R&D expenditure. Scientometrics, 76 (2), 201-224. doi: 10.1007/s11192-007-1631-1.

MANSFIELD, E. (1986). Patents and innovation: an empirical study. Management Science , 32, 173-181. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.32.2.173.

MCTI – Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação. Indicadores Nacionais de Ciência e Tecnologia (C&T) – Histórico. http://www.mcti.gov.br/index.php/content/view/2044/Historico.html. [28 May 2014].

MUGNAINI, R., Jannuzzi, P.M., Quoniam, L. (2004). Indicadores bibliométricos da produção científica brasileira: uma análise a partir da base Pascal. Ciência da Informação, 33 (2), 123-131. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0100-19652004000200013.

OLIVEIRA, L.G. (2011). Tendências tecnológicas do setor elétrico. In: POMPERMAYER, F. M., DE NEGRI, F., CAVALCANTE, L.R. (Orgs.). Inovação tecnológica no setor elétrico brasileiro: uma avaliação do programa de P&D regulado pela Aneel. IPEA, Brasília.

RODRÍGUEZ, J.C., Gómez, M. (2011). Innovation Trends in NAFTA Countries: an Econometric Analysis of Patent Applications. Journal of Technology Management & Innovation., 6 (3), 116-125. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0718-27242011000300009.

SANTOS, D.F.L., Basso, L.F.C., Kimura, H., Kayo, E.K. (2014). Innovation efforts and performance of Brazilian firms. Journal of Business Research, 67, 527-535. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2013.11.009.

SCHWARTZ, M., Peglow, F., Fritsch, M., Günther, J. (2012). What drives innovation output subsidized R&D cooperation? Project-level evidence from Germany. Technovation, 32, 358-369. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2012.03.004.

SIMMONS, E.S. (2005). Trends disrupted – patent information in an era of change. World Patent Information, 27, 292–301. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wpi.2005.05.001.

SOETHE, L.G., Wyatt, S.M.E. (1983). The use of foreign patenting as an internationally comparable science and technology output indicator. Scientometrics, 5 (1), 31-54.

THOMAS, V.J., Sharma, S., Jain, S.K. (2011). Using patents and publications to assess R&D efficiency in the states of the USA. World Patent Information, 33, 4-10. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wpi.2010.01.005.

VIOTTI, E.B. (2005). Inovação tecnológica na indústria brasileira: um exercício no uso de indicadores de inovação e algumas propostas para seu aperfeiçoamento. Parcerias Estratégicas, 20, 907-917.

WIPO – World International Property Organization. FAQs: Patents. http://www.wipo.int/patents/en/faq_patents.html. [30 April 2014].

How to Cite
Santos, J. G. dos, Souza, C. G. de, & Castro, A. de C. (2014). Evaluating R&D Program of the Brazilian Electricity Sector through Industrial Property Indicators. Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, 9(3), 83-90. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-27242014000300006
Research Articles