Structuring of the Open Innovation Field


  • Bjorn Remneland Wikhamn School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg
  • Wajda Wikhamn School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg



open innovation, bibliometrical analysis, framework, firms, ecosystem


Open Innovation is considered a ‘hot’ concept in research as well as in industry practice. At the same time, at least two critiques have been raised against the notion: that it is based on old theories and that the term is vague and nonprecise. Based on a bibliometrical analysis, this conceptual paper structures the emerging field of open innovation into two interrelated perspectives; the firm perspective and the ecosystem perspective. By that, it introduces an integrated framework for open innovation and shows how various concepts under the umbrella of open innovation are related to each other. A discussion is presented on how the two perspectives relate to earlier innovation management literature and how they are linked by ‘new’ interaction approaches, such as toolkits, innovation contests, crowdsourcing, and innovation intermediaries.


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Author Biographies

Bjorn Remneland Wikhamn, School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg

Dr Björn Remneland-Wikhamn is a researcher and lecturer in organisational theory and innovation management at the School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg. His research interests include innovation practices and network organising.

Wajda Wikhamn, School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg

Dr Wajda Wikhamnis a researcher and lecturer in organisational theory and human resource management at the School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg. Her research interests include innovation, HRM and quantitative methods.


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How to Cite

Remneland Wikhamn, B., & Wikhamn, W. (2013). Structuring of the Open Innovation Field. Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, 8(3), 173–185.