Given Enough Eyeballs, All Crimes are Shallow – The Organizing of Citizen Collaboration to Solve an Online Detective Story
Keywords:commons-based peer production, citizen collaboration,
AbstractThis paper theorizes about the organizing of online citizen collaboration. The setting is an Internet forum where people started their own investigations about a crime of animal cruelty. The concepts of commons-based peer production and generativity are utilized to analyse the complex organizing mechanisms of voluntaristic online collaboration in practice. Three general functions are introduced – operational, managerial, and noise – which are intertwined and together make up important basis for organizing generativity.
Baker, T., & Nelson, R. E. (2005). Creating Something from Nothing: Resource Construction through Entrepreneurial Bricolage. Administrative Science Quarterly, 50(3), 329-366.
Baym, N. (2010). Personal Connections in the Digital Age. Cambridge. Malden, MA: Polity Press.
Bechmann, A., & Lomborg, S. (2013). Mapping actor roles in social media: Different perspectives on value creation in theories of user participation. New Media & Society, 15(5), 765-781.
Benkler, Y. (2006). The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Benkler, Y. (2013). Peer Production and Cooperation. In J. Bauer & M. Latzer (Eds.), Handbook of the Economics of the Inernet (pp. 91-119). Cheltenham and Northampton: Edward Elgar.
Benkler, Y., & Nissenbaum, H. (2006). Commons-based Peer Production and Virtue. Journal of Political Philosophy, 14(4), 394-419.
Bennett, W.L., Segerberg, A., & Walker, S. (2014). Organization in the crowd: peer production in large-scale networked protests. Information, Communication & Society, 17(2), 232-260.
Burgess, J., & Green, J. (2013). YouTube: Online video and participatory culture. Cambridge, Malden: John Wiley & Sons.
Chesbrough, H. (2003). Open Innovation: The New Imperative for Creating and Profiting from Technology. Boston, Mass.: Harvard Business School Press.
Cogburn, D. L., & Espinoza-Vasquez, F. K. (2011). From networked nominee to networked nation: Examining the impact of Web 2.0 and social media on political participation and civic engagement in the 2008 Obama campaign. Journal of Political Marketing, 10(1-2), 189-213.
De Alfaro, L., Kulshreshtha, A., Pye, I., et al. (2011). Reputation systems for open collaboration. Communications of the ACM, 54(8), 81-87.
Goldsmith, S. (2010). The power of social innovation: How civic entrepreneurs ignite community networks for good. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Goldsmith, S. & Eggers, W. D. (2005). Governing by network: The new shape of the public sector. Washington: Brookings Institution Press.
Hertel, G., Niedner, S., & Herrmann, S. (2003). Motivation of Software Developers in Open Source Projects; An Internet-Based Survey of Contributors to the Linux Kernel. Research Policy, 32(7), 1159–1177.
Jenkins, H. (2006). Convergence culture: Where old and new media collide. New York: New York University Press.
Kozinets, R. (2010). Netnography: Doing Ethnographic Research Online. London: Sage Publications.
Kreiss, D., Finn, M., & Turner, F. (2011). The limits of peer production: Some reminders from Max Weber for the network society. New Media & Society, 13(2), 243-259.
Lea, M., O'Shea, T., Fung, P, et al. (1992). 'Flaming' in computer-mediated communication: Observations, explanations, implications. In M. Lea, (Ed.), Contexts of computer-mediated communication (pp. 89-112). London: Harvester Wheatsheaf.
Leonardi, P. M. (2011). When flexible routines meet flexible technologies: Affordance, constraint, and the imbrication of human and material agencies. MIS Quarterly, 35(1), 147-167.
Loveland, J., & Reagle, J. (2013). Wikipedia and encyclopedic production. New Media & Society, 15(8), 1294-1311.
Mercea, D. (2012). Digital prefigurative participation: The entwinement of online communication and offline participation in protest events. New Media & Society, 14(1), 153-169.
Mowery, D.C. (2009). Plus ca change: Industrial R&D in the “third industrial revolution”. Industrial and corporate change, 18(1), 1-50.
Nielsen, C.E. (2014). Coproduction or cohabitation: Are anonymous online comments on newspaper websites shaping news content? New Media & Society, 16(3), 470-487.
O’Mahony, S., & Ferraro, F. (2007). The emergence of governance in an open source community. Academy of Management Journal, 50(5), 1079-1106.
O’Mahony, S. (2003). Guarding the Commons: How Community Managed Software Projects Protect Their Work. Research Policy, 32(7), 1179-1198.
Poor, N. (2014). Computer game modders’ motivations and sense of community: A mixed-methods approach. New Media & Society, 16(8), 1249-1267.
Preece, J., Nonnecke, B., & Andrews, D. (2004). The top five reasons for lurking: improving community experiences for everyone. Computers in human behavior, 20(2), 201-223.
Schneider, A., von Krogh, G., & Jäger, P. (2013). “What’s coming next?” Epistemic curiosity and lurking behavior in online communities. Computers in human behavior, 29(1), 293-303.
Shirky, C. (2010). Cognitive surplus: Creativity and generosity in a connected age. New York: The Penguin Press.
Siggelkow, N. (2007). Persuasion with case studies. Academy of Management Journal, 50(1), 20-24.
Stake, R. (2000). Case Studies. In N. Denzin & Y. Lincoln (Eds.), Handbook of Qualitative Research (pp. 435-454). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. M. (1990). Basics of qualitative research: Grounded theory procedures and techniques. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Walther, J. B. (2002). Research ethics in Internet-enabled research: Human subjects issues and methodological myopia. Ethics and Information Technology, 4(3), 205-216.
Weiss, M., & Gangadharan, G.R. (2010). Modeling the mashup ecosystem: structure and growth. R&D Management, 40(1), 40-49.
West, J., & O'Mahony, S. (2008). The role of participation architecture in growing sponsored open source communities. Industry & Innovation, 15(2), 145-168.
von Hippel, E., & von Krogh, G. (2003). Open Source Software and the "Private-Collective" Innovation Model: Issues for Organizational Science. Organizational Science, 14(2), 209-223.
von Hippel, E., & von Krogh, G. (2006). Free Revealing and the Private-Collective Model for Innovation Incentives. R&D Management, 36(3), 295-306.
Wright, S. (2012). Politics as usual? Revolution, normalization and a new agenda for online deliberation. New Media & Society, 14(2), 244-261.
Yates, D., & Paquette, S. (2011). Emergency knowledge management and social media technologies: A case study of the 2010 Haitian earthquake. International Journal of Information Management, 31(1), 6-13.
Zittrain, J. (2008). The Future of the Internet And How to Stop it. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
How to Cite