Journal of Technology Management & Innovation https://www.jotmi.org/index.php/GT <p>JOTMI is a quarterly indexed electronic journal, refereed and edited by Business and Economy Faculty at Alberto Hurtado University. Its mission is to publish original and novel literature in the fields of technology management and innovation; putting emphasis in topics relevant in a global fashion, remarking in Latin-Ibero-America and the Caribbean. The objective of the journal is to analyze the impact that global technological change has on society and to disseminate the best management practices of companies and organizations.</p> Facultad de Economía y Negocios, Universidad Alberto Hurtado en-US Journal of Technology Management & Innovation 0718-2724 <p class="mceContentBody " dir="ltr"> </p> <!--<rdf:RDF xmlns="http://web.resource.org/cc/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"> <Work rdf:about=""><license rdf:resource="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" ></license></Work><License rdf:about="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"> <requires rdf:resource="http://web.resource.org/cc/Attribution" ></requires> <permits rdf:resource="http://web.resource.org/cc/Reproduction" ></permits> <permits rdf:resource="http://web.resource.org/cc/Distribution" ></permits> <permits rdf:resource="http://web.resource.org/cc/DerivativeWorks" ></permits> <requires rdf:resource="http://web.resource.org/cc/Notice" ></requires> </License> </rdf:RDF> --> Systematic Literature Review on Application of Blockchain Technology in E-Finance and Financial Services https://www.jotmi.org/index.php/GT/article/view/3789 <p>Blockchain is thought to be the most recent innovation in technology. Trust is especially important in areas like the banking sector. Blockchain technology is a decentralised, coded security system which permits the development of novel digital platforms and services using this developing technology. The current research focuses on the usage of blockchain technology in the financial and e-finance sectors. The study focuses of research questions such as the development of blockchain technology, the adoption &amp; challenges in blockchain technology and the application of blockchain technology in the financial sector. This study conducted a systematic review of 76 scientific articles on blockchain technology, narrowing down the selection to 59 articles. As a result, the author created classification framework with three dimensions: blockchain development, challenges and applications in the financial sector. This study recognizes consequences for blockchain research and practice in the future. The study reveals that blockchain has various unexplored application in finance sector and also there is a scope of improvement in technology. Also, the technology is unregulated, thus, it is still in its nascent stage and a lot is to be done in the field.</p> Sonal Trivedi Kiran Mehta Renuka Sharma Copyright (c) 2021 Sonal Trivedi, Kiran Mehta, Renuka Sharma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-11-02 2021-11-02 16 3 90 102 10.4067/S0718-27242021000300089 Emergence and Scale-up of Frugal Innovations: The Relevance of University-Industry Interaction https://www.jotmi.org/index.php/GT/article/view/3720 <p>This article analyses the emergence and scale-up of frugal innovations supported by university-industry interactions in the Colombian context. We conducted semi-structured interviews with eight researchers from the National University of Colombia, who participated in activities to transfer technology to society through frugal innovations. Results highlight the social role of the Colombian university and the motivations of the participating researchers to develop frugal innovations. Three benefits of the university-industry interaction to develop and upscale frugal innovations were identified and described: a) the exchange of specialised knowledge that helps to do incremental improvements on frugal innovations; b) the strengthening of distribution and marketing strategies of innovation, supporting its implementation in different contexts; and c) advantages in scaling up production. The relevance of these findings to understand frugal innovation processes and their implications for designing support services by university technology transfer offices are discussed.</p> Darío Reyes Reina Ariane Agnes Corradi Márcia Siqueira Rapini Copyright (c) 2021 Darío Reyes Reina, Ariane Agnes Corradi, Márcia Siqueira Rapini https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-11-01 2021-11-01 16 3 3 12 10.4067/S0718-27242021000300003 Creative University: A Definition and Activities Management Based on the Completion of Key Performance Indicator (KPI) https://www.jotmi.org/index.php/GT/article/view/3810 <p>The study’s objectives are to make a definition of Creative University and describe the activities management towards creative university based on the Key Performance Indicator (KPI) completion. Universities have KPI which consists of Index of Activities Performance (IAP) and Index of Main Performance (IMP) with the constraints of time and cost. Creative University is a university with creative activities such that the completion of KPI is accomplished within shorter duration and less cost. There are three activities management to accelerate the KPI completion those are creating activities that could minimize the distance between IAP and IMP, creating the schedule of activities, and managing the schedule based on the strategy of academic phases in university.</p> Sutanto Sutanto Alexander Yonathan Christy Dianisa Khoirum Sandi Copyright (c) 2021 Susanto, Alexander Yonathan Christy, Dianisa Khoirum Sandi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-10-30 2021-10-30 16 3 13 20 10.4067/S0718-27242021000300013 El Ecosistema Emprendedor en las Principales Instituciones de Enseñanza e Investigación Agrícola de México https://www.jotmi.org/index.php/GT/article/view/3793 <p>This study analyzes the entrepreneurship associated with the two most important agricultural universities in Mexico to recognize the actors that interact in this process in order to propose actions that enhance the transfer of knowledge from the academy to the productive sector. Through a qualitative study, the structure and functions of the actors involved in the entrepreneurial ecosystem of these institutions were identified. It is concluded that the universities studied generate knowledge and technological developments with the possibility of commercial utility. However, most of them are not commercialized because their promotion is left to the responsibility of entrepreneurs, so that the results of the analyzed ecosystem are circumstantial and are not the result of a well-defined strategy. For this reason, changes are proposed in the roles in the structures of the institutions that allow them to develop towards entrepreneurial universities.</p> Jimena Achiquen Millán Vinicio Horacio Santoyo Cortés Enrique Genaro Martínez González Manrrubio Muñoz Rodríguez Copyright (c) 2021 Jimena Achiquen Millán, Vinicio Horacio Santoyo Cortés, Enrique Genaro Martínez González, Manrrubio Muñoz Rodríguez https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-10-28 2021-10-28 16 3 21 34 10.4067/S0718-27242021000300021 Norm Transfer in US Technology Transfer: A Lesson for Policy Makers https://www.jotmi.org/index.php/GT/article/view/3784 <p>Social norms wield significant influence in public policy development. This paper offers a description of four norms that influence technology transfer within and between US institutions. These norms are located within the three environments of the US policy system: policy formation, policy implementation, and policy evaluation. Introducing the concept of ‘norm transfer’, we argue that norms cannot be assumed to permeate the entire policy system and that some prominent norms are in fact influential only in one or two of the policy environments. We demonstrate this idea using the case of technology transfer in the US, and suggest that understanding the role of norms in technology transfer is essential for improving the ability of universities and research labs to serve the public good. Our intention is to help policy makers better understand the influence of norms in the process of designing policy.</p> Christopher Barton Catherine Slade Derrick Anderson Copyright (c) 2021 Chris J. Barton, Catherine P. Slade, Derrick M. Anderson https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-10-30 2021-10-30 16 3 35 46 10.4067/S0718-27242021000300035 Relación entre Capacidad de Innovación e Índice de Innovación en América Latina https://www.jotmi.org/index.php/GT/article/view/3839 <p>The Oslo Manual said that it related innovation capabilities to the general abilities of the company. Also, it set of valuable assets that the company uses to establish innovation strategies. It related it to them to competitive advantage and growth in sales. Using international indicators to measure the innovation capacity of companies has been usual at the Latin American level. However, these concepts do not show the same academic clarity in the state-of-the-art. This article aims to explain the relationship between innovation capacity and the innovation index in Latin America regarding the international context. The method comprised a systematic review identifying first the countries that evidence empirical studies related to innovation capacity. And second, it established that the relationship between the innovation capacity and the innovation index. Result proposed a technical efficiency index to analyse the differences between Latin America and the international context. The principal contribution of the study is that it explains the innovation capacities of global innovation through the proposed technical efficiency index. The results show that the technical efficiency indices are similar in the two groups of countries analysed, and the higher the innovative capacity, the higher the innovation index.</p> Isabel Cristina Quintero Sepulveda Yovanny Ospina Nieto Darío J. Quiroga Parra Rolando Arturo Cubillos González Copyright (c) 2021 Isabel Cristina Quintero Sepulveda, Yovanny Ospina Nieto, Darío J. Quiroga Parra, Rolando Arturo Cubillos González https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-10-29 2021-10-29 16 3 47 56 10.4067/S0718-27242021000300047 Mercado Laboral, Servicios Intensivos en Conocimiento y Género: Análisis para el Caso Argentino https://www.jotmi.org/index.php/GT/article/view/3804 <p>The gender literature exhaustively studies gender gaps in terms of income and inequality in the opportunities of access to the labor market<br />between men and women. However, these studies are carried out at the aggregate level of the economy and very rarely at the level of industries. That is why the study of gender gaps in wages and access to employment from a productive sector perspective is relevant. Furthermore, this study in the sectors of the economy with the highest remuneration. Due to this, the present work aims to focus on the study of female access to the labor market of Knowledge-Intensive Services, since the tasks performed in these sectors of the economy are those with the highest remuneration. Using data from the Permanent Household Survey of Argentina for the fourth quarter of 2020, it is found that the probability of labor insertion in Knowledge-Intensive Services is higher for men than for women, although participation is heterogeneous among the different sections.</p> Juan Manuel Rodriguez Repeti Lizzie Marcel Copyright (c) 2021 Juan Manuel Rodriguez Repeti, Lizzie Marcel https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-11-01 2021-11-01 16 3 57 65 10.4067/S0718-27242021000300057 Effects of Structural Intellectual Capital on The Innovation Capacity of Public Administration https://www.jotmi.org/index.php/GT/article/view/3703 <p>Structural capital is one of the elements of intellectual capital, and measuring it in local public administration contributes to assessing value for society. This article analyzes the effects of structural intellectual capital on the innovation capacity of public administration in a Latin American city. The research was carried out with civil servants who hold management positions in the City Hall of the researched city. It was used multivariate exploratory analysis, principal component analysis, correlation and linear regression to statistically organize the data. The main results are that structural intellectual capital has a positive, significant and direct influence on the capacity for innovation in public administration. For public managers, the study demonstrated that investment in structural capital can have direct and proportional effects on the ability to innovate in services and processes, organizational and institutional. Therefore, investments in structure, processes, and organizational philosophy in public administration tend to improve managers' ability to innovate. It is important to highlight that structural intellectual capital aligned with innovation has the potential to significantly improve technology, services, processes, and meeting social demands for the local community.</p> Rodrigo Belmonte da Silva Carlos Maria Fernández Jardón Lucas Veiga Avila Copyright (c) 2021 Lucas Avila https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-21 2021-09-21 16 3 66 78 10.4067/S0718-27242021000300066 Patente Provisional en Chile: Procedimiento, Ventajas e Incentivos para Innovar https://www.jotmi.org/index.php/GT/article/view/3322 <p>Provisional patent in Chile: Procedure, advantages, and incentives to innovate<br />The production of knowledge and information results in the improvement of living standards. Economic development has determined that the<br />producers of this knowledge must be adequately rewarded for their inventions, considering that innovation and the solution for problems that affect people’s productivity and quality of life must be protected. These rewards include property rights granted by an invention patent. However, in the invention process, there is a time when the inventor needs testing or experimenting for his innovation, and it will become public without the protection of a final patent application. In this situation and to protect the creative process, it is functional to introduce a type of provisional patent. It will last for a while until the request for a nonprovisional patent. This article analyzes the provisional patent and its re-introduction into the Chilean law of intellectual property from a comparative and historical perspective. </p> Leonardo Javier Castillo-Cardenas Carlos Andrés Domínguez-Scheid Copyright (c) 2021 Leonardo Javier Castillo-Cardenas, Carlos Andrés Domínguez-Scheid https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-21 2021-09-21 16 3 79 88 10.4067/S0718-27242021000300079