Journal of Technology Management & Innovation <p>JOTMI is a quarterly indexed electronic journal, refereed and edited by Business and Economy Faculty at Alberto Hurtado University. Its mission is to publish original and novel literature in the fields of technology management and innovation; putting emphasis in topics relevant in a global fashion, remarking in Latin-Ibero-America and the Caribbean. The objective of the journal is to analyze the impact that global technological change has on society and to disseminate the best management practices of companies and organizations.</p> Facultad de Economía y Negocios, Universidad Alberto Hurtado en-US Journal of Technology Management & Innovation 0718-2724 <p class="mceContentBody " dir="ltr"> </p> <!--<rdf:RDF xmlns="" xmlns:dc="" xmlns:rdf=""> <Work rdf:about=""><license rdf:resource="" ></license></Work><License rdf:about=""> <requires rdf:resource="" ></requires> <permits rdf:resource="" ></permits> <permits rdf:resource="" ></permits> <permits rdf:resource="" ></permits> <requires rdf:resource="" ></requires> </License> </rdf:RDF> --> "Consumer Innovativeness Scale": Adaptation and validation with undergraduate students <p>This research aimed to adapt and validate Goldsmith and Hofacker's scale of Consumer Innovativeness. We employed a cross-cultural adaptation and assessing the instrument's psychometric properties from the original scale, including content validity, face validity, semantic validity, and statistical analysis with exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. The sample consisted of 318 participants. We present a six-items validated scale for application with undergraduate students in several scenarios of innovativeness of consumption, adapted and validated theoretically and empirically. The results showed satisfactory evidence of the scale's validity and reliability. The validation with undergraduate students can be considered a limitation of the study, while the broad scope of application of scale can foster posterior research on consumer innovativeness. The results presented are the first validated version of Goldsmith and Hofacker for undergraduate students in Portuguese as far as we are concerned.</p> Marcelo L. D. S. Gabriel Sérgio L. A. Moretti Copyright (c) 2022 Marcelo L. D. S. Gabriel, Sérgio L. A. Moretti 2022-07-20 2022-07-20 17 2 3 10 10.4067/S0718-27242022000200003 Collaborative network of SMEs innovation projects <p>Public funding for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) innovation projects in collaboration with Scientific and Technological Institutions is still incipient in less developed Global South regions. Within the context mentioned above, our objective is to show a network analysis of Industry-University-Research Institute (IUR) interactions promoted by a government program, identifying its structure and dynamics and the influences played by these organisational actors. The results point out that the program presents effectiveness in establishing the IUR interaction network. Moreover, the network presents a scale-free structure, strong clustering and short distances between the actors. Universities lead as the most central actors, followed by research institutes. Despite the growth of the network with the significant entry of new SMEs, there is no evidence that this evolution contributes to improving its network metrics. The conclusions suggest that the network structure and dynamics may imply greater redundancy in the innovation process while allowing greater speed in the flow of knowledge and wider dissemination of knowledge among actors. The hubs (four central universities) in the network suggests an influence as generators and disseminators of knowledge and facilitators of interaction, but they can also limit the dynamics of the search for innovation in the network.</p> Francisco Wellington Ribeiro Jose Carlos Lazaro Diego de Queiroz Machado Samuel Façanha Câmara Copyright (c) 2022 Francisco Wellington Ribeiro, Jose Carlos Lazaro, Diego de Queiroz Machado, Samuel Façanha Câmara 2022-07-10 2022-07-10 17 2 11 20 10.4067/S0718-27242022000200011 Use of crowdfunding in Chile: an exploratory approach <p>The FinTech industry includes crowdfunding companies, which consist of collaborative financing platforms. The potential use of crowdfunding among Chilean undergraduate students is empirically analyzed. An ordered probit model is used to test the determinants of the probability that a student will use a crowdfunding platform in the future. Also, a qualitative analysis containing arguments by which students would or would not use crowdfunding in the future is presented. The results indicate that trust in financial institutions and prior crowdfunding knowledge have a positive and significant effect on the probability of using these platforms. This paper constitutes one of the first to explore the growing crowdfunding market in Chile from the demand perspective.</p> Carlos Delgado Fuentealba Jorge Muñoz Mendoza Sandra Sepúlveda Yelpo Carmen Veloso Ramos Rodrigo Fuentes-Solís Edinson Cornejo Saavedra Copyright (c) 2022 Carlos Delgado Fuentealba, Jorge Muñoz Mendoza, Sandra Sepúlveda Yelpo, Carmen Veloso Ramos, Rodrigo Fuentes-Solís, Edinson Cornejo Saavedra 2022-07-10 2022-07-10 17 2 21 32 10.4067/S0718-27242022000200021 Institutional Regulation and Performance of Clinical-Trial Strategic Alliances <p>The goal of this study is to assess the relationships between the country’s regulatory institutions and the relational capability and performance of strategic clinical trials alliances. The country’s regulation is made up of a set of formal institutions, i. e. codified rules, which aim to determine social actors’ practices. Strategic alliances are long-term cooperative relationships voluntarily established between two or more autonomous companies with shared interests and goals to create competitive advantage. Clinical-trial strategic alliances are organized according to the contractual relationship and parties’ relational capabilities that aim to overcome difficulties in the partnership activities and ensure intercompany cooperation, reflecting on organizational efficiency and effectiveness, and impacting on alliance performance.&nbsp; This work developed a critical review of the literature and expanded it through the establishment of novel relational propositions regarding the relationship between formal regulatory institution of countries and strategic alliances for clinical trials of new medicines.</p> Elio Fraga Walter Bataglia Copyright (c) 2022 Elio Fraga, Walter Bataglia 2022-07-22 2022-07-22 17 2 33 39 10.4067/S0718-27242022000200033 Knowledge and Ambidexterity’s Impact on Product Innovation <p>This paper aims to evaluate the relationship between external sources of knowledge and innovation ambidexterity and then analyze how innovation ambidexterity improves product innovation. This study presents evidence based on a sample of 355 low-medium-tech (LMT) firms that participated in the National Survey of Innovation in the Manufacturing Industry and Knowledge-Intensive Service Firms in Peru. A structural equation model approach was applied. The results indicate that there is a positive relationship between external sources of knowledge and exploration and exploitation improves product innovation. These results provide deeper knowledge about how LMT firms in an emerging economy can apply open innovation practices to develop innovation ambidexterity, thus improving their product innovation capability</p> Javier Fernando Del Carpio Copyright (c) 2022 Javier Fernando Del Carpio 2022-07-14 2022-07-14 17 2 40 48 10.4067/S0718-27242022000200040 Innovation Management in IT Industry <p>The extraordinary growth of the information technology (IT) industry has had innovation as a key element, motivating research on innovation management. The objective of this study is to organize and analyse the literature on innovation management in the IT industry. Through a systematic mapping study (SMS), 7259 studies were obtained of which 76 studies were selected and classified. This SMS made it possible to structure the knowledge developed in categories: research topics, types of research, contribution, research methods and bibliometric characteristics. The studies were mostly focused on the operations, organizational context, and support for innovation. In addition, a greater number of philosophical articles were found. Among the most used research methods were surveys, interviews, case studies, and literature reviews. Also, the frequency of published articles shows an increasing trend, especially in recent years. Finally, This SMS provides information on spaces that are still pending to be investigated or amplified.</p> Karin Ana Melendez Abraham Dávila Copyright (c) 2022 Karin Ana Melendez, Abraham Dávila 2022-07-22 2022-07-22 17 2 59 70 10.4067/S0718-27242022000200059 Fintechs: a global bibliometric analysis and research trends <p>This article aims to present a bibliometric study of research involving the concept of fintechs from the past 30 years (1991-2020). For this study, the bibliographical data was extracted from Scopus. Among the main results that were found, three stand out. Firstly, this article describes a general panorama of research involving fintechs from the last 30 years in the subareas ‘Business, Management and Accounting’ and ‘Economics, Econometrics and Finance’. Secondly, we detected three generations of research related to this field of study. They are the discovery (1991-2006), the development (2007-2016), and the expansion (2017-2020). Also, we highlighted connections between the three generations, as well as the evolutionary process of the subjects that were addressed in these different generations. The third result was the identification of six themes that represent research trends for the future, which are: ‘banking &amp; financial services’, ‘electronic services &amp; ‘e-finance’, ‘consumer behaviour’, ‘mobile services’, ‘risk’ and ‘cryptocurrency’.</p> Diogo Campos-Teixeira Jorge Tello-Gamarra Copyright (c) 2022 Diogo Campos-Teixeira, Jorge Tello-Gamarra 2022-07-22 2022-07-22 17 2 71 86 10.4067/S0718-27242022000200071 Motivations and barriers of university-industry cooperation <p>The cooperation process between university and industry is complex . It presents a set of factors that motivate and interfere building these relationships. The aim of this paper is to compare the main cooperation process’ motivations and barriers between university and industry in Brazil and Ireland. This is a study of multiple cases and configures itself as exploratory, with a qualitative approach . Data collection was executed by conducting a questionnaire with six technology transfer offices from Brazilian universities and three from Irish universities. The results show that the main motivations of Brazilian offices stem from financial issues and the possibility of being recognized whilst the Irish offices derived from social aspects. Regarding barriers, for the Brazilian offices these are mainly cultural and for the Irish offices the lack of entrepreneurial culture and the focus on basic science are the more common aspects, however, both experience excessive or rigid regulations.</p> Janaina Aparecida da Silva Rejane Sartori Copyright (c) 2022 Janaina Aparecida da Silva, Rejane Sartori 2022-07-22 2022-07-22 17 2 49 58 10.4067/S0718-27242022000200049