Journal of Technology Management & Innovation https://www.jotmi.org/index.php/GT <p>JOTMI is a quarterly indexed electronic journal, refereed and edited by Business and Economy Faculty at Alberto Hurtado University. Its mission is to publish original and novel literature in the fields of technology management and innovation; putting emphasis in topics relevant in a global fashion, remarking in Latin-Ibero-America and the Caribbean. The objective of the journal is to analyze the impact that global technological change has on society and to disseminate the best management practices of companies and organizations.</p> Facultad de Economía y Negocios, Universidad Alberto Hurtado en-US Journal of Technology Management & Innovation 0718-2724 <p class="mceContentBody " dir="ltr"> </p> <!--<rdf:RDF xmlns="http://web.resource.org/cc/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"> <Work rdf:about=""><license rdf:resource="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" ></license></Work><License rdf:about="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"> <requires rdf:resource="http://web.resource.org/cc/Attribution" ></requires> <permits rdf:resource="http://web.resource.org/cc/Reproduction" ></permits> <permits rdf:resource="http://web.resource.org/cc/Distribution" ></permits> <permits rdf:resource="http://web.resource.org/cc/DerivativeWorks" ></permits> <requires rdf:resource="http://web.resource.org/cc/Notice" ></requires> </License> </rdf:RDF> --> The Chilean Sectoral Innovation Systems https://www.jotmi.org/index.php/GT/article/view/3660 <p>This paper proposes a configuration and characterisation of the economic sectors in Chile applying Malerba’s sectoral innovation systems approach. Its objective is to examine the existence of sectoral systems of innovation in Chile and their characteristics.</p> <p>Using data from the Chilean Tenth Innovation Survey of Firms, a three-step statistical analysis was performed. In the first step, 15 variables were chosen and converted by factor analysis into four components reflecting the configuration of the sectoral system. In the second step, a cluster analysis was carried out to determine the characterisation of the sectors. In the final step, a simple econometric model was developed to estimate a proxy for the propensity to patent of the economic sectors.</p> <p>It is possible to discover the existence of three groups of sectoral innovation systems. One is characterised by a low propensity to patent. Another one uses market information and some effort in R&amp;D to innovate. A third one is characterised by a strong use of market sources, high effort in R&amp;D, strong networking and collaboration, and a close interaction with the industrial property system.</p> <p>This paper shows the usefulness of composite variables in identifying those sectors with higher propensity to patent. In particular, the factor <em>networks and collaboration</em> is the most important. This last is important to highlight in terms of policies in science and technology that aim to establish formal mechanisms to share common knowledge strengthening the relationships among the different players of the innovation process</p> Cristian Gutierrez Verónica Roa Jerome Smith Copyright (c) 2021 Cristian Gabriel Gutierrez https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 16 1 3 13 10.4067/S0718-27242021000100003 Generation of University Spin Off Companies: Challenges from Mexico https://www.jotmi.org/index.php/GT/article/view/3657 <p>Spin off companies refer to firms created by university laboratories, the generation of this type of companies has a pull effect through the diffusion, imitation and innovation of the company even at long-term for economic development. In order to generate this type of business, an articulated set of legislative, cultural and financing, instruments are required. In addition, various actors must be involved; aligned to achieve local development. The ability of universities to create spin off companies depends on their background and favorable regional conditions. This research aims to identify the main challenges during spawn university spin off companies in Mexico, thus, it is necessary explore the consequences and analyze key factors of entrepreneurial university scheme, at the end of this paper illustrates Mexico’s outlook and the conclusions. There are four major challenges that universities faces: first, the lack of clear and effective internal regulations and paperwork processes for intellectual property management and proper commercialization strategies for technological developments; second, is not hiring specialists for Technology Transfer Offices at Higher Education Institutes (HEI) and Public Research Centres (PRC) to generate capabilities; third, inherent complexities of business training and entrepreneurship education, to enhance management competences and business venture, and fourth, decision-maker authority at HEIs and PRCs must develops an enabling environment as governance mechanisms that support and prioritize such processes, so that could be translated into punctual actions with concrete results.</p> Pilar Pérez-Hernández Guadalupe Calderon Emilio Noriega Copyright (c) 2021 Pilar PEREZ-HERNANDEZ, Guadalupe Calderon, Emilio Noriega https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 16 1 14 22 10.4067/S0718-27242021000100014 Entrepreneurial Alertness, Innovation Modes, And Business Models in Small- And Medium-Sized Enterprises https://www.jotmi.org/index.php/GT/article/view/3640 <p>Entrepreneurial alertness refers to the ability to process information and signals from the environment so that individuals can recognize business opportunities, whereas innovation modes depict the variation in firms’ approaches to innovation. Innovation modes have important implications in the way firms compete; however, little research has been done about the relationship among entrepreneurial alertness, innovation modes, and business model in firms. This study explores whether entrepreneurial alertness dimensions influence business models through their effect on firms’ innovation modes. Using survey data from analysis of 119 manufacturing small and medium-sized enterprises in Mexico using structural equation modelling, this study shows that entrepreneurs’ entrepreneurial alertness dimensions have different impacts on innovation modes, which thus have different effects on the efficiency and novelty of business models.</p> Héctor Montiel-Campos Copyright (c) 2021 Héctor Montiel-Campos https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 16 1 23 30 10.4067/S0718-27242021000100023 Responsible Data Governance in Projects: Applying a Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) Framework https://www.jotmi.org/index.php/GT/article/view/3612 <p>There are large amounts of data that are collected, processed and exchanged in projects and they form the basis of innovation and fact-finding activities that are at the core of project activities. Nevertheless, such data can be irresponsibly used, managed and governed during its lifecycle, starting from creation all the way to its use. Given the importance of data and the risk of being misused, it is important to understand how responsibilities for data management can or should be designed in projects. This paper showcases how the concept of Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) can be implemented in projects to mitigate irresponsible data management and use. The paper draws on the practices undertaken in two EU funded research projects to help practitioners find ways of dealing with data management related issues.</p> Tilimbe Jiya Copyright (c) 2021 Tilimbe Jiya https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 16 1 31 37 10.4067/S0718-27242021000100031 Stakeholders´ Perception to Characterize the Start-ups Success https://www.jotmi.org/index.php/GT/article/view/3651 <p>Startups are innovative companies that live in uncertain environments. This research aims to characterize the conditions and variables that influence the development of startups in the context of the Brazilian economy, so that understanding is reached about the characteristics of their businesses and how the environment acts on them. An evaluation instrument is developed that assists in the validation of critical factors, as well as the KPIs necessary for the practice of the instrument. The study presents, through bibliographic research, a theoretical proposal of critical success factors that receive the assessment of stakeholders who are in daily contact with the reality of startups. The results demonstrate the impact of critical success factors on the development of startups, according to the perception of stakeholders.</p> Vinícius Jaques Gerhardt Jordana Rech Graciano dos Santos Eloise Dallanora Rubin Alvaro Luiz Neuenfeldt Júnior Julio Cezar Mairesse Siluk Copyright (c) 2021 VINICIUS GERHARDT https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 16 1 38 50 10.4067/S0718-27242021000100038 How Can Digital Sharing Economy Reduce Unemployment? https://www.jotmi.org/index.php/GT/article/view/3678 <p>The primary prerequisite for the development of a collaborative economy is the rapid growth of information technologies. A new way of communication, together with online platforms, created Internet marketplaces, which enabled the meeting of supply and demand in the virtual space. However, such a conversion of the economy is necessarily accompanied by extensive transformations on the labor market. We investigated the impact of digitalization on the labor market via the correlation between Internet users and unemployment on the European market. Based on data set we identified statistically significant effects. However, the value of the correlation coefficient could be increased not only by accelerating digitalization but also by investing in overcoming the language barrier in a multicultural Europe.</p> Iveta Fodranová Mária Antalová Copyright (c) 2021 Iveta Fodranová https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 16 1 51 57 10.4067/S0718-27242021000100051 The Strategic Role of Design in Driving Digital Innovation https://www.jotmi.org/index.php/GT/article/view/3482 <p>The emergent theme of design led innovation is well recognized now. Yet, the association between 'design' and 'digital innovation' remains largely under-explored. In order to help enterprises in the pressure of digital environment to better understand the role of design in promoting digital innovation. Based on the literature, this paper explores the unique characteristics of digital innovation from three aspects: content, organization and impact. On this basis, it conduct a systematic analysis for the role of design in digital innovation. The contribution of this paper is to: (1) explore the practice and significance of design in the digital innovation; (2) make guideness to companies and designers who are committed to adding value to their products or business through digital innovation. This paper argue that design has an intensive strategy role in promoting digital innovation in three aspects. The application of design needs to pay more attention to its overall effectiveness.</p> Zitong Gao David Hands Copyright (c) 2021 Zitong Gao https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 16 1 58 66 10.4067/S0718-27242021000100058 Explicit knowledge networks and their relationship with productivity in SMEs https://www.jotmi.org/index.php/GT/article/view/3653 <p>This study presents a model is presented to evaluate the correlation between the clarification of knowledge and the productivity of companies. The model is based on network science, and on a fuzzy clustering algorithm, and is applied to a sample of 40 Colombian SMEs. The results show that the network measures selected as indicators of the model have a high and significant correlation with productivity and allow companies to be clustered into four performance categories. The implications of the findings are analyzed, as a contribution to overcome the challenge of measuring processes related to knowledge management and future lines of research are proposed based on the limitations of the study.</p> Giselle Pinochet Copyright (c) 2021 Giselle Pinochet https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 16 1 67 78 10.4067/S0718-27242021000100067 The Role of Routines in The Technological Learning of The University – Company Interaction https://www.jotmi.org/index.php/GT/article/view/3599 <p>This study aims to identify the role of routines in the technological learning of the interaction between the Federal University of Santa Catarina and Petrobras. A field research was carried out, through interviews with researchers and director from UFSC and managers from PETROBRAS. The data were transmitted through a content analysis, based on categories linked to the roles of the routines. The creation of routines such as team composition, task division by specialty, periodic group meetings and meetings with the company led to the generation of learning by searching and by interacting, both at the University and in the company.</p> Paola Azevedo Silvio Antônio Ferraz Cario Copyright (c) 2021 Paola Azevedo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 16 1 79 89 10.4067/S0718-27242021000100079