Inventions Utilizing Satellite Navigation Systems in the Railway Industry – An Analysis of Patenting Activity
Keywords:Railways, transport, satellite navigation, GNSS, GPS, inventions, patents, signaling, train control.
AbstractApplications based on the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), in combination with different communication systems, have significantly helped to increase safety, efficiency and system capacity of operations in different modes of transportation. Here railway transport is no exception, although the number of applications based on GNSS has been considerably behind the number of those used in road transport. Since incorporating e.g. GPS receivers into modern signaling, train control and other railway systems has become usual, it is interesting to examine GNSS/GPS-based inventions and patenting trends more closely in this context. This paper analyses GNSS/GPS-related patents in the railway industry in order to shed light on the patenting activity in different countries/regions and to identify (and to a certain extent make a classification of) the main application areas for this technology.
BEDRICH, S., Gu, X. (2004). GNSS-based sensor fusion for safety-critical applications in rail traffic, Galileo and EGNOS Information Catalogue. http://www.galileoservices.org/library/2.1-Bedrich.pdf (Accessed 1 April 2009)
DEREKENARIS, G. et al. (2001). Integrating GIS, GPS and GSM technologies for the effective management of ambulances. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 25(3), pp. 267-278.
EC-DGTREN (2008). The Directorate-General for Energy and Transport www page for Galileo applications. http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/energy_transport/galileo/applications/rail_en.htm (Accessed 1 April 2009)
EULER, H.-J., Hill, C.D., Miller, U. (1996). Real-time precise GPS for railroad mapping. IEEE Position Location and Navigation Symposium, 1996, pp. 437-443.
FIRMIN, P.E. (2006). Satellite navigation technology applications for Intelligent Transport Systems: A European perspective. European Navigation Conference, Manchester, UK, 8-10 May, 2000. http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/2495/ (Accessed 1 April 2009)
GU, X. (2005). Feasibility of GNSS/Galileo-based train location for safety relevant applications. Signal + Draht, No. 1+2 / 2005, pp. 29-33.
GUO, T., Iwamura, K., Koga, M. (2007). Towards high accuracy road maps generation from massive GPS Traces data. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2007, pp. 667-670.
HAUPT, R., Kloyer, M., Lange, M. (2007). Patent indicators for the technology life cycle development. Research Policy, 36(3), pp. 387-398.
HILMOLA, O.-P. (2007). European railway freight transportation and adaptation to demand decline: Efficiency and partial productivity analysis from period of 1980-2003. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, 56(3), pp. 205-225.
LOBO, A.X. (1998). A review of automatic vehicle location technology and its real-time applications. Transport Reviews, 18(2), pp. 165-191.
MAKI, Y. (2005). A new train position detection system using GPS. Railway Technology Avalanche, No. 9, August 1, 2005, p. 53.
MARAIS, J., Lefebvre, S., Berbineau, M. (2004). Satellite propagation path model along a railway track for GNSS applications. IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, 2004, pp. 4066-4070.
MARWEDEL, P., Gebotys, C. (2004). Secure and safety-critical vs. insecure, non safety-critical embedded systems: Do they require completely different design approaches? Proceedings of the international conference on Hardware/Software Codesign and System Synthesis, pp. 72-73.
MINTSIS, G. et al. (2004). Applications of GPS technology in the land transportation. European Journal of Operational Research, 152(2), pp. 399-409.
NEJIKOVSKY, B., Keller, E. (2000). Wireless communications based system to monitor performance of rail vehicles. Proceedings of the ASME/IEEE Joint Railroad Conference, 2000, pp. 111-124.
PACE, S. et al. (1995). The Global Positioning System: Assessing National Policies. Rand Corporation, Santa Monica, CA.
SASAKI, K. (2005). Position detection system using GPS for carbody tilt control. Quarterly Report of RTRI, 46(2), pp. 73-77.
TAYLOR, M.A.P., Woolley, J.E., Zito, R. (2000). Integration of the global positioning system and geographical information systems for traffic congestion studies. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, 8(1-6), pp. 257-285.
YUAN, B.J.C., Chen, J.K.C., Lin, L.W.C. (2007). Exploring the market development trend and technological Innovation of GPS. Proceedings of the International Conference on Business And Information. Tokyo, Japan, July 10-13, 2007. http://ibacnet.org/bai2007/proceedings/ Papers/2007bai7343.doc (Accessed 1 April 2009)
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).