Science, Technology and Innovation Management: Contributions to a Methodological Framework
AbstractThe article discusses the specificities of science and technology development and innovation processes in organizational arena and their implications for planning and management. It proposes that ST&I processes must be planned and managed as evolutionary processes defined by targeted attitudes to search routines and an understanding of the selective instances in which organizations are embedded, taking into consideration the distinct institutional elements that mediate such relations. To deal with this framework, the article proposes a methodological framework comprising a set of building blocks to help managers deal with the challenge of innovation. The building blocks are: (1) indeterminacy; (2) the profile of the professionals involved and the organizational culture; (3) the collective logic associated with the complexity of non-linear, dynamic and adaptive systems; and (4) the logic of the scope economies associated with knowledge production. The methodology is applied in a case study of the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation, Embrapa.
ADAMS, R., Bessant, J., Phelps, R. (2006). Innovation management measurement: A review. International Journal of Management Reviews, 8(1), 21-47.
ALDRICH, H. E. (2011).An Evolutionary Approach to Entrepreneurship: Selected Essays by Howard E. Aldrich. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham.
ALEXY, O., Criscuolo, P., Salter, A. (2009). Does IP strategy have to cripple open innovation? MIT Sloan Management Review, 51(1), 71-77.
ARNOLD, E., Rush, H. (1996). Conclusions: challenges, lessons and success factors. In: Rush, H., Arnold, E., Bessant, J., Murray, R.Technology Institutes: Strategies for Best Practice. International Thomson Business Press, London. pp. 174-198.
BENKLER, Y. (2002). Coase’s penguin, or Linux and the nature of the firm.The Yale Law Journal, 112(3), 369-446.
BETZ, F. (1987). Managing Technology: competing through new ventures, innovation, and corporate research. Prentice- Hall, Inc, New Jersey.
BIRKINSHAW, J., Bouquet, C., Barsoux, J. L. (2011). The 5 Myths of Innovation:Top 10 Lessons on the New Business of Innovation. MIT Sloan Management Review, 52(2), 1-8.
BREM, A., Voigt, K. (2009). Integration of market-pull and technology-push in the corporate front end and innovation management: Insights from the German software industry. Technovation, 29(5), 351-367.
CALLON, M. (1992).The dynamics of techno-economic networks. In: Coombs, R., Saviotti, P., Walsh,V. (Eds). Technological change and company strategies. Academic Press, London. pp. 72-102.
CHANG, S., Chen, C., Wey, S. (2007). Conceptualizing, assessing, and managing front-end fuzziness in innovation/NPD projects. R&D Management, 37(5), 469-478.
CHESBROUGH, H. (2003). Open Innovation: the new imperative for creating and profiting from technology. Harvard Business School Press, Boston.
CHESBROUGH, H. (2012). Open Innovation: Where We’ve Been and Where We’re Going. Research-Technology Management, 55(4), 20-27.
COOMBS, R., Saviotti, P., Walsh, V. (1989). Economics and technological change. Macmillan, London.
COOPER, R. G. (2011). Perspective: The Innovation Dilemma: How to Innovate When the Market Is Mature. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 28(S1), 2-27.
DAMANPOUR, F., Schneider, M. (2008). Characteristics of Innovation and Innovation Adoption in Public Organizations: Assessing the Role of Managers. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 19(3), 495-522.
DAVIDSON, P. (1991). Is Probability Theory Relevant for Uncertainty? A Post Keynesian Perspective, Journal of Economic Perspectives 5(1), 129–143.
DEQUECH, D. (2011). Uncertainty: A Typology and Refinements of Existing Concepts. Journal of Economic Issues, 45(3), 621-640.
DODGSON, M., Gann, D., Salter, A. (2008). The management of technological innovation. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
DONATE, M.J., Guadamillas, F. (2010). The Effect of Organizational Culture on Knowledge Management Practices and Innovation. Knowledge and Process Management, 17(2), 82-94.
DOOLEY, K. (1996). A Nominal Definition of Complex Adaptive Systems.The Chaos Network, 8(1), 1-3.
DOSI, G. (1982). Technological paradigms and technological trajectories: a suggested interpretation of the determinants and directions of technical change. Research Policy, 11(3), 147-162.
EISENBERG, R. S. (2006). Patents and data-sharing in public science. Industrial and Corporate Change, 15(6), 1013-1031.
FARIA, P., Lima, F., Santos, R. (2010). Cooperation in innovation activities: The importance of partners. Research Policy, 39(8), 1082-1092.
GIBBONS, M., Limoges, C., Nowotny, H., Schwartzman, S., Scott, P.,Trow, M. (1994).The new production of knowledge: the dynamics of science and research in contemporary societies. Sage Publications Inc, London.
GIBBONS, M., Limoges, C., Scott, P. (2011). Revisiting Mode 2 at Noors Slott. Prometheus: Critical Studies in Innovation, 29(4), 361-372.
GLIMSTEDT, H., Bratt, D., Karlsson, M. P. (2012). The Decision to Make-or-Buy a Critical Technology: semiconductors at Ericsson, 1980-2010. In: Lazonick, W., Teece, D. J. (Eds.) Management Innovation: essays in the spirit of Alfred D. Chandler, Jr. Oxford University Press, New York. pp. 179-214.
HIDALGO, A., Albors, J. (2008). Innovation management techniques and tools: a review from theory and practice. R & D Management, 38(2), 113-127.
HOTHO, S., Champion, K. (2010). We are Always After that Balance: Managing Innovation in the New Digital Media Industry. Journal of Technology Management and Innovation, 5(3), 36-50.
HOWELLS, J., James, A. (2001). Corporate Decision-Making on the Sourcing of Technological Knowledge. Discussion Paper Series, Policy Research in Engineering, Science and Technology (PREST), University of Manchester.
HRONSZKY, I. (2005). Mapping and managing uncertainty and indeterminacy in future society-technology relations. remarks on prospective technology analysis. In: Banse, G., Hronszky, I., Nelson, G. Rationality in an uncertain world. Sigma ed., Berlin. pp. 37-58.
JAIN, R.K., Triandis, H.C. (1997). Management of Research and Development Organizations: managing the unmanageable. John Wiley & Sons Inc, New York.
KAY, N. (1988). The R and D function: corporate strategy and structure. In: Dosi, G., Freeman, C., Nelson, R., Silverberg, G., Soete, L. (Eds). Technical Change and Economic Theory. Pinter Publishers, London. pp. 282-294.
LAM, A. (2006). Organizational innovation. In: Fagerberg, J., Mowery, D.C., Nelson, R.R. (Eds). The Oxford Handbook of Innovation. Oxford University Press, Oxford. pp. 115-147.
LAREDO, P., Mustard, P. (2004). Public sector research: a growing role in innovation systems. Minerva, 42(1), 11-27.
LATHAM, S., Braun, M. (2009). Managerial Risk, Innovation, and Organizational Decline. Journal of Management, 35(2), 258-281.
LICHTENSTEIN, B. B.; McKelvey, B. (2011). Four types of emergence: a typology of complexity and its implications for a science of management. International Journal of Complexity in Leadership and Management, 1(4), 339-378.
MARCH, J. G. (1978). Bounded rationality, ambiguity, and the engineering of choice. The Bell Journal of Economics, 9(2), 587-608.
MARCH, J. G. (2006). Rationality, foolishness, and adaptive intelligence. Strategic Management Journal, 27(3), 201-214.
MINTZBERG, H. (2009). Managing. Berrett-Koehler Publishers, San Francisco.
MOL, M., Birkinshaw, J. (2009). The sources of management innovation: When firms introduce new management practices. Journal of Business Research, 62(12), 1269-1280.
NELSON, R. (1991). Why do firms differ, and how does it matter? Strategic Management Journal, 12(S2), 61-74.
NELSON, R. (1996). The sources of economic growth. Harvard University Press, London.
NELSON, R., Winter, S. (1982). An evolutionary theory of economic change. Harvard University Press, London.
NOWOTNY, H., Scott, P., Gibbons, M. (2001). Re-Thinking Science: Knowledge and the Public in an Age of Uncertainty. Polity Press, Cambridge.
PANZAR, J. C., Willig, R. D. (1981). Economies of scope. The American Economic Review, 71(2), 268-272.
PISANO, G. (1990).The R&D boundaries of the firm: an empirical analysis. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35(1), 153-176.
PRAHALAD, C. K., Hamel, G. (1990). The core competence of the corporation. Harvard Business Review. 68(3), 79–91.
ROSENBERG, N. (1982). Inside the Black Box: technology and economics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
ROSENBERG, N. (1994). Exploring the Black Box: Technology, Economics, and History. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
SALLES-FILHO, S. L. M., Bonacelli, M. B. M. (2010). Trends in the organization of public research institutions: lessons from Brasilian case. Science and Public Policy, 37(7), 193-204.
SALLES-FILHO, S., Albuquerque, R., Mello, D. (1997). Novos rumos da pesquisa agrícola e agroindustrial. In: Almeida, J., Navarro, Z. (Org). Reconstruindo a agricultura: idéias e ideais na perspectiva do desenvolvimento rural sustentável. Editora da UFRGS, Porto Alegre. pp. 189-203.
SAPIENZA, A.M. (2004). Managing Scientists: leadership strategies in scientific research.Wiley-Liss Inc, New Jersey.
SENKER, J. (2000). Introduction to a special issue on changing organisation and structure of European public-sector research systems. Science and Public Policy, 27 (6), 394-386.
SIMON, H. A. (1978). Rationality as process and as product of thought.The American Economic Review, 68(2), 1-16.
SIMON, H. A., Egidi, M.,Vialle, R., Marris, R. (1992). Economics, Bounded Rationality and the Cognitive Revolution. Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, Cheltenhan.
SMITH, M., Busi, M., Ball, P., Van der Meer, R. (2008). Factors Influencing An Organisation’s Ability To Manage Innovation:A Structured Literature Review And Conceptual Model. International Journal of Innovation Management, 12(4), 655-676.
STANKO, M.A., Calantone, R. J. (2011). Controversy in Innovation Outsourcing Research: Review, Synthesis and Future Directions. R & D Management, 41(1), 8-20.
STOKES, D. E. (1997). Pasteur’s quadrant. The Brookings Institution Press,Washington.
TAO, L., Probert, D., Phaal, R. (2010). Towards an integrated framework for managing the process of Innovation. R&D Management, 40(1), 19-30.
TEECE, D. (1986). Profiting from technological innovation: implications for integration, collaboration, licensing and public policy. Research Policy, 15(6), 285-305.
TEECE, D. (2009). Dynamic Capabilities and Strategic Management. Oxford University Press Inc, New York.
TEECE, D. (2010). A Tribute to Oliver Williamson: Williamson’s Impact on the Theory and Practice of Management. California Management Review, 52(2), 167-176.
TEECE, D. (2012). The Dynamics of Industrial Capitalism: perspectives on Alfred Chandler’s Scale and Scope. In: Lazonick, W., Teece, D. J. (Eds.) Management Innovation: essays in the spirit of Alfred D. Chandler, Jr. Oxford University Press, New York. pp. 30-67.
TEECE, D. J., Pisano, G., Shuen,A. (1997). Dynamic capabilities and strategic management. Strategic Management Journal, 18(7), 509-533.
TIDD, J., Bessant, J., Pavitt, K. (2005). Managing Innovation: integrating technological, market and organizational change. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester.
TRANFIELD, D.,Young, M., Partington, D., Bessant, J., Sapsed, J. (2003). Knowledge Management Routines for Innovation Projects: developing a hierarchical process model. International Journal of Innovation Management, 7(1), 27-49.
WILLIAMSON, O. E. (1985). The economic institutions of capitalism: Firms, markets, relational contracting. Free Press, New York/London.
WILLIAMSON, O. E. (2010). Transaction Cost Economics: The Natural Progression. Journal of Retailing, 86(3), 215-226.
WINTER, S. (2003). Understanding dynamic capabilities. Strategic Management Journal, 24(10), 991-995.
WOUTERS, M., Roorda, B., Gal, R. (2011). Managing Uncertainty During R&d Projects:A Case Study. Research-Technology Management, 54(2), 37-46.
ZAFAR, K., Baig, A. R., Khan, A. (2010). Collaborative Evolutionary Planning Framework (EPF) for Route Planning. International Journal of Computer Applications, 4(9), 33-38.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).