Organization of Research and Innovation: a Comparative Study of Public Agricultural Research Institutions

  • Adriana Bin School of Applied Sciences, University of Campinas
  • Cecilia María Gianoni Department of Science and Technology Policy, University of Campinas.
  • Paule Jeanne Vieira Mendes Personnel Management Department, Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa).
  • Carolina Thaís Rio Department of Science and Technology Policy, University of Campinas
  • Sergio Luiz Monteiro Salles-Filho Department of Science and Technology Policy, University of Campinas.
  • Luiza Maria Capanema Department of Science and Technology Policy, University of Campinas.
Keywords: Public Research Institutions, Planning and Management of ST&I, Innovation, Agriculture

Abstract

This paper discusses the institutional reorganization that has culminated in new designs for the management models of Public Research Institutes (PRIs), comparing the experiences of four PRIs in the agricultural sector to identify common elements and differences in processes, flows and policies. The focus is to improve research and innovation management, developing new approaches and tools.

The four PRIs analyzed are the US Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service (ARS), the Research Branch of Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa), and Uruguay’s National Agricultural Research Institute (INIA).

The study shows that management processes have become more sophisticated and above all oriented to the creation of products, processes and services that are more likely to be used. This movement indicates a new positioning by PRIs in the agricultural innovation systems of their countries, reorienting their relationships with other actors of particular importance to knowledge production.

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Author Biographies

Adriana Bin, School of Applied Sciences, University of Campinas

Assistant Professor, School of Applied Sciences – University of Campinas – UNICAMP. Background in Food Engineering; Master and PhD in Scientific and Technological Policy. Researcher of the Study Group on the Organization of Research and Innovation – GEOPI. Areas of interest: planning and management of science, technology and innovation, strategic planning, research evaluation.

Cecilia María Gianoni, Department of Science and Technology Policy, University of Campinas.
Background in Agricultural Engineering. Researcher of the Study Group on the Organization of Research and Innovation – GEOPI. Areas of interest: planning and management of science, technology and innovation, intellectual propriety, innovation policies and agricultural sector.
Paule Jeanne Vieira Mendes, Personnel Management Department, Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa).
Background in Mathematics; Master in Mechanical Engineering; PhD in Scientific and Technological Policy. Researcher of the Study Group on the Organization of Research and Innovation – GEOPI. Areas of interest: planning and management of science, technology and innovation.
Carolina Thaís Rio, Department of Science and Technology Policy, University of Campinas

Background in Geography; Master in Scientific and Technological Policy. Researcher of the Study Group on the Organization of Research and Innovation – GEOPI. Areas of interest: planning and management of science, technology and innovation, technological prospection and organizational innovation.

Sergio Luiz Monteiro Salles-Filho, Department of Science and Technology Policy, University of Campinas.
Professor, Department of Science and Technology Policy, University of Campinas. Background in Agronomic Engineering; Master in Energy Applied to Agriculture and PhD in Economics. Formerly Head of Planning of the National Agency for Innovation, FINEP and Director of the School of Applied Sciences at Unicamp. Founded, in 1995, the Study Group on the Organization of Research and Innovation - GEOPI. Areas of interest: economics, planning and management of science, technology and innovation.
Luiza Maria Capanema, Department of Science and Technology Policy, University of Campinas.

Background in Economics; Master in Geography. Researcher of the Study Group on the Organization of Research and Innovation – GEOPI. Areas of interest: planning and management of science, technology and innovation, technological prospection, research evaluation and public policies and regional development.Organization of Research and Innovation: a Comparative Study of Public Agricultural Research Institutions

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Published
2013-04-23
How to Cite
Bin, A., Gianoni, C. M., Mendes, P. J. V., Rio, C. T., Salles-Filho, S. L. M., & Capanema, L. M. (2013). Organization of Research and Innovation: a Comparative Study of Public Agricultural Research Institutions. Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, 8, 209-218. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-27242013000300048