Organization of Research and Innovation: a Comparative Study of Public Agricultural Research Institutions

Adriana Bin, Cecilia María Gianoni, Paule Jeanne Vieira Mendes, Carolina Thaís Rio, Sergio Luiz Monteiro Salles-Filho, Luiza Maria Capanema


This paper discusses the institutional reorganization that has culminated in new designs for the management models of Public Research Institutes (PRIs), comparing the experiences of four PRIs in the agricultural sector to identify common elements and differences in processes, flows and policies. The focus is to improve research and innovation management, developing new approaches and tools.

The four PRIs analyzed are the US Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service (ARS), the Research Branch of Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa), and Uruguay’s National Agricultural Research Institute (INIA).

The study shows that management processes have become more sophisticated and above all oriented to the creation of products, processes and services that are more likely to be used. This movement indicates a new positioning by PRIs in the agricultural innovation systems of their countries, reorienting their relationships with other actors of particular importance to knowledge production.


Public Research Institutions; Planning and Management of ST&I; Innovation; Agriculture

Full Text:

PDF [en]


BRAVERMAN, H. (1974). Labor and Monopoly Capital: The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century. Monthly Review Press, New York.

BROOKS, H. (1986). National Science Policy and Technological Innovation. In: Landau, R., Rosenberg, N. (Eds.), The Positive Sum Strategy: Harnessing Technology for Economic Growth. National Academy Press, Washington. pp. 119-167.

BYERLEE, D. (1998). The search for a new paradigm for the development of national agricultural research systems. World Development, 26(6), 1049-1055.

CROW, M., Bozeman, B. (1998). Limited by design: R&D laboratories in the U.S. national innovation system. Columbia University Press, New York.

DELPIAZZO, C.E. (1994). Tratamiento Jurídico de los Recursos Fitogenéticos: política institucional del INIA en materia de innovaciones biotecnológicas. Serie Temas Institucionales, n. 4. INIA, Montevideo.

ECHEVERRÍA, R. (1998). Will competitive funding improve the performance of agricultural research? Discussion paper, 98-16. ISNAR, The Hague.

FERREIRA, C.R. (2001). Tendências de reorganização da pesquisa: um estudo a partir de experiências internacionais. Master’s dissertation. Department of Science and Technology Policy, University of Campinas, Campinas.

JAIN, R.K.; Triandis, H.C. (1997). Management of research and development organizations: managing the unmanageable. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

JANSSEN, W.; Braunschweig, T. (2003). Trends in the organization and financing of agricultural research in developed countries: implications for developing countries, Research Report, 22. ISNAR, The Hague.

MELLO, D. L. (2000). Análise de processos de reorganização de institutos públicos de pesquisa do estado de São Paulo. PhD thesis. Department of Science and Technology Policy, University of Campinas, Campinas.

MENDES, P. J. V. (2009). Organização da P&D agrícola no Brasil: evolução, experiências e perspectivas de um sistema de inovação para a agricultura. PhD thesis. Department of Science and Technology Policy, University of Campinas, Campinas.

MRUTHYUNJAYA, Ranjitha, P. (1998). The Indian agricultural research system: Structure, current policy issues and future orientation. World Development, 26(6), 1089-1101.

OECD. (2003). Governance of Public Research: toward better practices. OECD Publications Service, Paris.

POTÌ, B., Reale, E. (2000). Convergence and differentiation in institutional change among European public research systems: the decreasing role of public research institutes. Science and Public Policy, 27(6), 421-431.

ROSEBOOM, J.; Ruttan, H. (1998). The Transformation of the Dutch Agricultural Research System: An Unfinished Agenda. World Development, 26(6), 1113-1126.

SALLES FILHO, S., Bin, A., Gianonni, C., Mendes, P.J.V., Rio, C. (2009). GCARD Regional Review for Latin America and Caribbean. GFAR, Roma.

SALLES-FILHO, S., Albuquerque, R., Mello, D. (1997). Novos rumos da pesquisa agrícola e agroindustrial. In: Almeida, J., Navarro, Z. (Org). Reconstruindo a agricultura: idéias e ideais na perspectiva do desenvolvimento rural sustentável. Editora da UFRGS, Porto Alegre. pp. 189-203.

SALLES-FILHO, S., Bonacelli, M. B. M. (2010). Trends in the organization of public research institutions: lessons from Brasilian case. Science and Public Policy, 37(7), 193-204.

SALLES-FILHO, S., Mendes, P.J.V. (2008). Sistemas Nacionais de Pesquisa Agrícola: âmbito Federal. In: Silva, A.G., Albuquerque, A.C.S. (Eds.) Agricultura Tropical: Quatro Décadas de Inovações Tecnológicas, Institucionais e Políticas. Embrapa Informações Tecnológicas, Brasília.

SALLES-FILHO, S.; Albuquerque, R.; Szmrecsányi, T.; Bonacelli, M.B.; Paulino, S.; Bruno, M.; Mello, D.; Corazza, R.; Carvalho, S.; Corder, S.; Ferreira, C. (2000). Ciência, tecnologia e inovação: a reorganização da pesquisa pública no Brasil. Editora Komedi, Campinas.

SENKER, J. (2000). Introduction to a special issue on changing organisation and structure of European public-sector research systems. Science and Public Policy, 27(6), 394-396.

SZMRECSÀNYI, T. (2001). Esboços de história econômica da ciência e da tecnologia. In: Soares, L.C. Da Revolução Científica à Big (Business) Science. Hucitec/Eduff, São Paulo.


Copyright (c) 2013 Journal of Technology Management & Innovation

2019 © Universidad Alberto Hurtado - Facultad de Economía y Negocios. 
Erasmo Escala 1835 - Santiago, Chile.
Economic Analysis Review | Observatorio Económico | Gestión y Tendencias 

Journal Supported by