Managing Research & Development for Core Competence Building in an Organization
Keywords:Globalization, Technology upgradation, R&D, Innovation, Competitiveness, India
AbstractThe uncertainties due to globalization of Indian market after economic reforms have led to drastic changes in the approach of manufacturing organizations for developing various competencies to get competitive advantage. These formidable changes have left the organizations with no choice but to upgrade the existing systems, products and technologies for their survival. The external acquisition of technology in the initial stages may be desirable or even necessary in the high technology areas, but no industry can prosper in the long run unless it builds up a self reliant base for carrying out indigenization of process and product technologies. Technology upgradation has become mandatory for economic development, industrial growth, enhanced corporate image, more flexible responses, strategic self-reliance and sustained competitiveness of an enterprise. The present study is aimed at highlighting the need of R&D initiatives in Indian enterprises for harnessing competencies through indigenized R&D.
AJITABH, A., Momaya, K. (2004). Competitiveness of firms: review of theory, frameworks and models. Singapore Management Review, 26(1), 45-61.
AMABILE, T.M., Conti, R., Coon, H., LazenbyJ., Herron, M. (1996). Assessing the work environment for creativity. Academy of Management Journal, 39(5), 1154-1184.
AVNIMELECH, G., Teubal, M. (2004). Strength of market forces and the successful emergence of Israel's venture capital industry: Insights from a policy-led case of structural change. Revue economique, Presses de Sciences-Po, 55(6), 1265-1300.
BOSSINK, B.A.G. (1999). The strategic function of quality in the management of innovation. Journal of Total Quality Management, 13(2), 1-23.
CAGLIANO, R., Chiesa, V., Manzini, R. (2000). Differences and similarities in managing technological collaborations in research, development and manufacturing: A case study. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 17(2), 193-224.
CARIOLA, C. (2009). Education, research and innovation policy: A new direction for Iceland. Report prepared on behalf of the Icelandic Government, the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture, May 2009, 1 -24.
ETTLIE, J.E. (1998). R&D and global manufacturing performance. Management Science, 44(1), 1-11.
FAJNZYLBER, P., Maloney, W.F., Montes-Rojas, G.V. (2009). Releasing constraints to growth or pushing on a string? Policies and performance of Mexican micro firms. Journal of Development Studies, 45(7), 1027-1047.
GHORBANI, A.A., Bagheri, E. (2008). The state of the art in critical infrastructure protection: a framework for convergence. International Journal of Critical Infrastructures, 4(3), 215-244.
GIORGIO, G. (2000). How Technology should be managed in the post - Fordist era. International Journal of Technology Management, 3(1/2), 1-9.
HENRIK, H., John Rand, J., Finn T. (2009). Enterprise growth and survival in Vietnam: Does government support matter!, Journal of Development Studies, 45(7), 1048-1069.
HYLAND, P.W. (2004). Innovation and enhancement of enterprise capabilities. International Journal of Technology Management, 3(1), 35-46.
JALAN, A., Kleiner, B.H. (1995). New developments in developing creativity. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 10(8), 20-23.
LEONARD-BARTON, D. (1991). The role of process innovation and adaptation in attaining, strategic technology capability. International Journal of Technology Management, 6(3/4), 303-320.
LIYANAGE, S. (1999). Towards a fourth generation R&D management model research networks in knowledge management. International Journal of Technology Management, 18(3/4), 372-393.
LIYANAGE, S. (2003). Technology and innovation management learning in the knowledge economy. Journal of Management Development, 22(7), 579-602.
MARCO, I. (1993). Real-world R&D: Jumping the product generation gap. Harvard Business Review, 36(4), 138-146.
MARTINS, E.C., Terblanche, F. (2003). Building organizational culture that stimulates creativity. European Journal of Innovation Management, 6(1), 64-74.
MUHAMMAD, M.Z., Char, A.K., Yasoa, M.R., Hassan, Z. (2010). Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) competing in the global business environment: A case of Malaysia. International Business Research, 3(1), 66-75.
NANDA, T., Singh, T.P. (2008). A Comprehensive strategy for technology generation through effective industry-institute bonding. The Indian Journal of Technical Education, 31(2), 1-6.
PALHAN, S.K. (1991). Howto Negotiate foreign collaborations/technology transfer. Maintenance, April-June, 12-22.
PEGELS, C, Thirumurthy, MY. (1996). The impact of technologystrategyon firm performance. LEEE Transactions of Engineering Management, 43(3), 246-249.
PEREZ, P.D. (1998). What hurts, What helps, What is needed. Managerial cognitions about technology and innovation in emerging economies. LEEE International Engineering and Technology Management Conference, October 11-13, San Juan, PR, USA, 546-551.
PRICHARD, C, Hulle, R., Churner, M. and Willmott, H. (2008). Nine drivers of knowledge transfer between universities and industry R&D partners in South Africa. South African Journal of Information Management, 9(1), 35-62.
RATHORE, B.S. (2001). Quality technical education: Challenges and strategic issues. Proceedings of 1st R&.D Symposium on The R&D Challenge before the Indian Industry: Time to have a look at ourselves, May 19-20, T.I.E.T., Patiala, Punjab, India, 146-153.
REGAN, O.N, Ghobadian, A, Gallear D. (2006). In search of the drivers of high growth in manufacturing SMEs. Technovation, 26(1), 30-41.
SHEEL, C. (2002). Knowledge clusters of technological innovation. JournalofKnowledge Management, 6(4), 356-367.
SHI, H., Peng, S.J., Liu, Y., Zhong, P. (2008). Barriers to the implementation of cleaner production in Chinese SMEs: government, industry and expert stakeholders perspectives. Journal of Cleaner Production, 16(7), 842-852.
SINGH, R.K., Garg, S.K., Deshmukh, S.G. (2008). Competency and performance analysis of Indian SMEs and large organizations: An exploratory study. International Business Journal, 18(4), 308-321.
TAKAHASHI, T. (1997). Management for enhanced R&D prod uctivity.International Journal of Technology Management, 14(6/7/8), 789-805.
THOMAS, L.G. (1993). Implicit industrial policy: The triumph of britain failure of finance in global pharmaceuticals. Competitiveness Reviews, 29(3), 9-18.
VANDEN-KROONENBERG, H.H. (1989). Getting a quicker pay-off from R&D. Long Range Planning, 22(5), 51-58. VANDEVEN, A.H. (1986). Central problems in the management of Innovation. Management Science, 32(5), 590-607.
YANG, J. (2007). The contingency value of knowledge in new product creativity. International Journal of Technology Management, 40(1/2/3), 101-113.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).