Aviation Industry – Mitigating Climate Change Impacts Through Technology and Policy
AbstractThis paper reviews the challenges facing the aviation industry and what is it doing about reducing its environmental footprint. The paper concludes that aviation industry needs to look past their traditional business model and move to a model that allows them to operate in a new global business environment which puts emphasis on environmental alignment of business goals. In the interim, the aviation industry continues to explore the issues related to alternative fuels, more efficient engine technology, better traffic management and policy mechanisms (such as emissions trading and carbon offsets) with some degree of success. The paper strongly recommends the involvement of governments in establishing ground rules to help global aviation industry to mitigate climate change risks.
AIRBUS (2008). Flying On Alternative Fuels (May 22). Airbus - Environment articles. http://www.airbus.com/en/corporate/ethics/environment/articles/08_05_22_alternative_fuels.html [Accessed February 14, 2009]
BALCH, Oliver (2009). Aviation - The Need for Green Sky Thinking. Special Reports (February 27). Ethical Corporation. http://www.ethicalcorp.com/content.asp?ContentID=6361 [Accessed March 3, 2009]
BOEING (1998-2008). Boeing 2008 Environment Report. Boeing Management Company. http://www.boeing.com/aboutus/environment/environmental_report/index.html [Accessed February 14, 2009]
BOEING (2007). Boeing 787 Dreamliner Being Designed for Environmental Performance. Backgrounder (April 20). Boeing Commercial Airplanes. Seattle, Washington. http://www.boeing.com/commercial/environment/pdf/787_env.pdf [Accessed February 23, 2009]
ERNST & Young (2007). Analysis of EC Proposal to Include Aviation Activities in the Emissions trading Scheme (June). http://www.aea.be/dbnetgrid2//htmleditor/UploadFiles/Impact_Assessment.pdf [Accessed February 17, 2009]
EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES (2008). EU Action against Climate Change. European Commission - Environment. http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/pdf/brochures/post_2012_en.pdf [Accessed February 17, 2009]
FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION (2005). SAGE: Global Aviation Emissions Inventories for 2000 through 2004 (September). System for Assessing Aviation's Global Emissions (SAGE). Doc. No. FAA-EE-2005-02. Office of Environment and Energy. http://www.faa.gov/about/ office_org/headquarters_offices/aep/models/sage/ [Accessed February 13, 2009]
FOGARTY, David (2009). Major Airlines Call for Climate Change to include Aviation (February 12). Thomson Reuters Carbon Market Community. http://www.wbcsd. org/plugins/DocSearch/details.asp?type=DocDet [Accessed February 25, 2009]
GAZZARD, J. (2009). Bio-fuelled or Bio-fooled? Aviation and the Environment. Aviation Environment Federation. http://www.aef.org.uk/uploads/Bio_fuelled_or_bio_fooled_article__2_.pdf [Accessed February 15, 2009]
GLOBE-Net (2007). Aviation and Climate Change (Vancouver; June13). News Articles. http://www.globe-net.com/search/display.cfm?NID=2929 [Accessed February 13, 2009]
GREENAIR (2008). International Aviation Emissions Now Firmly On the Post-Kyoto Climate Talks Agenda (April 10). GreenAir Online.com News. http://www.greenaironline.com/news.php?viewStory=146 [Accessed February 15, 2009]
GREENSKIES (no date). Climate Change - Aviation Emissions and Ignored but Fast Growing Problem. GreenSkies.org - alliance of environmental and citizens organisations concerned with aviation's environmental effects. http://www.aef.org.uk/downloads/Factsheetclimate.pdf [Accessed February 11, 2009]
HOLLIDAY, J. C., Schmidheiny, S., & Watts, P. (2002). Walking the Talk - The Business Case or Sustainable Development. Sheffield, UK: Greenleaf Publishing Ltd.
IATA (2007). IATA calls for a Zero Emissions Future. IATA Press Release No. 21 (June 4). IATA Pressroom. Vancouver. http://www.iata.org/pressroom/pr/2007-06-04-02.htm [Accessed February 16, 2009]
IATA (2008). Building a Greener Future. 3 rd Edition (October). International Air Transport Association. http://www.iata.org/NR/rdonlyres/C5840ACD-71AC-4FAA-8FEE-00B21E9961B3/0/building_greener_future_oct08.pdf [Accessed February 11, 2009]
IATA (2008a). IATA 2007 Report on Alternative Fuels (February). Ref. No. 9709-00. IATA: Montreal-Geneva. http://www.iata.org/NR/rdonlyres/329E1C20-1A46-4E02-9F68-BAD5C9080F31/60972/ReportonAlternativeFuels.pdf [Accessed February 15, 2009]
JACOBS, M. (1993). The Green Economy. Vancouver: UBC Press.
KIRBY, A. (2008). CCCC Kick The Habit a UN Guide to Climate Neutrality. UNEMG UNEP/GRID-Arendal. http://www.unep.org/publications/ebooks/kick-the-habit/pdfs/KickTheHabit_en_lr.pdf [Accessed February 15, 2009]
LEHRER, J. (2001). Seeking a CO2 Solution. News Hour with Jim Lehrer Transcript. Online Focus (August 6). http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/environment/july-dec01/co2_8-6.html [Accessed February 12, 2009]
PENNER, J. E., H.Lister, D., Griggs, D. J., Dokken, D. J., & McFarland, M. (2001). Aviation and the Global Atmosphere. IPCC GRID-Arendal. http://www.grida.no/publications/other/ipcc_sr/ [Accessed February 11, 2009]
PEW, G. (2009). Airline Alternative Fuel Trials, General Dynamic's Green Jet Engine. AV Web - AVFlash News (January 31). http://www.avweb.com/avwebflash/news/alternative_fuel_biofuel_jet_engine_199681-1.html [Accessed February 14, 2009]
PIASECKI, Bruce W., Kevin A. Fletcher, and Frank J. Mendelson (1999). "Afterword: Leadership Skills for Sustainable Development." in Environmental Management and Business Strategy. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
ROYAL COMMISSION ON ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION (RCEP) (2002). The Environmental Effects of Civil Aircraft in Flight (November 29). Short Reports - Aviation. http://www.rcep.org.uk/aviation/av12-txt.pdf [Accessed February 14, 2009]
SZABO, M. and Bowker, J. (2009). Bio-jet Fuel to Take Off, But Hurdles Remain (March 9). Thomson Reuters Carbon Market Community. http://www.wbcsd.org/plugins/DocSearch/details.asp?type=DocDet [Accessed February 25, 2009]
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).