Technological Innovation Sources and Institutional Supports for Manufacturing Small and Medium Enterprises in Nigeria
Keywords:technological innovation, manufacturing SMEs, innovation sources, institutional supports.
AbstractThe study examined the technological innovation sources, the relevance of these sources as well as institutional supports and their significance to the innovativeness of small and medium manufacturing enterprises (SMEs) in Southwestern Nigeria. The data for the study were collected through questionnaire and interview schedule from a sample of 100 manufacturing SMEs. The results reveal that the key information sources for innovation among these companies are customers; suppliers of equipment and machinery; seminars, training and conferences; market research and business associations. None of the external inputs that the companies needed for internal learning and innovation come from government agencies. The results suggest the urgent need for enterprise-oriented technology transfer from public funded R&D institutions to link the science and technology system with small and medium enterprises production units. Similarly, the SMEs associations should be strengthened to provide opportunities for their members to continuously learn about new technology developments and opportunities to enhance the competitiveness of enterprises in the sector.
ABEREIJO, I.O (2006). Evaluation of capabilities of small and medium industrial enterprises for acquisition of new technologies in southwestern Nigeria . An Unpublished M.Sc. Thesis submitted to the Technology Planning and Development Unit, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife.
ALLEN, J.J., Hyman, D.B., Pinckney, D.L. (1983). Transferring technology to the small manufacturing firm: a study of technology transfer in three countries. Research Policy, 12, 199-211.
BELOTTI, C., Tunälv, C. (1999). Acquisition of technological knowledge in small and medium-sized manufacturing companies in Sweden. International Journal of Technology Management, 18(3/4), 353-371.
CARLSSON, B., Eliasson, G. (1991). The nature and importance of economic competence. Mimeo, Cleveland & Stockholm, Case Western University and IUI. As quoted by Belotti and Tunälv (1999), op. cit.
DOSI, E. (ed.) (1988). Technological change and economic theory. London: Printer Publishers.
EASTON, G., Araujo, L. (1992). Non-economic exchange in industrial networks. In Axelsson and Easton (eds.) Industrial networks: a new view of reality. London: Roultedge, 62-84.
KLAUS G. Grunert, Hanne Harmsen, Matthias Meulenberg, Erno Kuiper, Tom Ottowitz, Francis Declerk, Bruce Traill, Gert Göransson (1995). A framework for analysing innovation in the food sector. Working paper no. 38, at Centre for Market Surveillance, Research and Strategy for the Food Sector, The Aarhus School of Business.
LEONARD-BARTON, D (1982). Swedish entrepreneurs in manufacturing and their sources of information. Centre for policy Application, MIT, Boston.
OYELARAN-OYEYINKA, Banji (2001). Networks and linkages in African manufacturing cluster: a Nigerian case study". Discussion Paper Series No. 2001-5 of the United Nations University, Institute for New Technologies (UNU/INTECH) The Netherlands. http://www.intech.unu.edu (accessed in 05/10/2006)
________ (2002). Manufacturing response in a national system of innovation: evidence from the brewing firms in Nigeria. Discussion Paper Series of The United Nations University, Institute of New Technologies (INTECH). http://www.intech.unu.edu. (accessed in 05/10/2006)
REED, F.M., Walsh, K. (2000). Technological innovation and the small manufacturing supplier. Working Paper No. 491 presented at BAM 2000 – "Managing across Boundaries", British Academy of Management Millennial Conference, University of Edinburgh Management School, 13 – 15 September.
ROMIJN, Henry, Albaladejo, Manuel (2004). Determinants of innovation capability in small UK firms: an empirical analysis". Queen Elizabeth Working Paper Series No. 40. http://www.qeh.ox.ac.uk (accessed in 03/06/2005)
SANDVEN, T. (1996). Technology acquisition by SMEs in Norway. STEP Report R-10. Oslo: STEP Group.
Small Business Research Centre (SBRC) (1992). The State of British Enterprise: Growth, Innovation and Competitive Advantage in Small and Medium Sized Firms. Small Business Research Centre, University of Cambridge.
TAIWO, K.A., Oladepo, O.W., Ilori, M.O., Akanbi, C.T. (2002). A study on the Nigerian food industry and the impact of technological changes on the small scale food enterprises". Food Review International, 18(4), 243-261.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).