Internationalization Process and Technological Capability Trajectory of Iguaçu

Rafael Kuramoto Gonzalez, Sieglinde Kindl da Cunha


This article focuses on the influence of the internationalization process in the evolution of technological capability. This implication was studied in Iguaçu between 1967 and 2009. To achieve the proposed goal it was used the Internationalization of Brazilian Export Producer Companies Model, built by Kraus (2006) and the Model of Technological Capabilities in Companies of Emerging Economies, built by Figueiredo (2004). The study found that different stages of internationalization require different functions and different levels of technology. The discussion proposed by this paper found a close association between the process of internationalization and the development of technological capability in the company studied. It can be concluded that for companies of Soluble Coffee to conquer, reach and remain competitive in international markets it should engage efforts to build diverse organizational skills, alliances and technological capabilities.


internationalization; technological capability; soluble coffee; technological trajectory; emerging companies; innovation; internationalization path

Full Text:

PDF [en]


ANDERSEN, O.; Buvik, A.(2002) Firm’s internationalization and alternative approaches to the international customer/market selection. International Business Review, 11, 347-363

ANDERSSON, S. (2000) The internationalization of the firm from an entrepreneurial perspective. International Studies of Management & Organization, 30 (1), 63-92

ARIFFIN, N.; Bell, M. (1999) Firms, Politics and Political Economy: Patterns of Subsidiary-Parent Linkages and Technological Capability-building in Electronics TNC Subsidiaries in Malaysia, in Jomo, K.S.; Felker, G.; Rasiah, R. (Eds), Industrial Technology Development in Malaysia, Routledge, UK , pp 150–190

ARIFFIN, N.; Figueiredo, P. N.(2004) Internationalization of innovative capabilities: counter-evidence from the electronics industry in Malaysia and Brazil. Oxford Development Studies, 32 (4), 559-583

BELL, M. Pavitt, K. (1982) The development of technological capabilities. In: Ul Haque, I.; Bell, M. Technical change in infant industries: a review of the empirical evidence. SPRU, Brighton

BELL, M. Pavitt, K. (1993) Technological accumulation and industrial growth: contrast between developed and developing countries. Industrial and Corporate Change, 2 (2), 157- 210

BELL, M.; Pavitt, K. (1995) The Development of Technological Capabilities. In: I. U. Haque (ed.),Trade,Technology and International Competitiveness.The World Bank,Washington DC

BELL, M.; Larsson, R;Westphal, L.E. (1984) Assessing the Performance of Infant Industries.World Bank Staff Working Papers n. 666.The World Bank,Washington

BENITO, G. R. G.; Gripsrud, G. (1992) The expansion of foreing direct investment: discrete rational location or a cultural learning process? Journal of International Business Studies, 23 (3), 461-476

BUCKLEY, P. J.; Casson, M. (1988) The limits of explanation: testing the internalization theory of the multinational enterprise. Journal of International Business Studies, 19 (2), 181-193

CHEN, L. C. (2009) Learning through informal local and global linkages: The case of Taiwan’s machine tool industry, Research Policy 38(3): 527-535.

CHUANG, Y-S. (2008), The development of absorptive capacity in latecomer firms: Case studies from the Taiwanese TFT-LCD industry; DPhil Thesis, SPRU-Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK.

DAHLMAN, C., Westphal, L. (1982) Technological effort in industrial development: an interpretative survey of recent research. In: STEWART, F.; JAMES, J. (Ed.). The economics of new technology in developing countries. France Pinter, London, pp. 105-137.

DANTAS, E.; Bell, M. (2009) Latecomer firms and the emergence and development of knowledge networks: The case of Petrobras in Brazil. Research Policy, 38, 829-844

DANTAS, E.; Bell, M. (2011) The Co-Evolution of Firm- Centered Knowledge networks and Capabilities in Late Industrializing Countries: The Case of Petrobras in the Off-shore Oil Innovation System in Brazil. World Development, doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2011;02;002

DENZIN, N. K. (1978);The Research act; McGraw-Hill, New York

DIB, L. A.; Carneiro, J. Avaliação Comparativa do Escopo Descritivo e Explanatório dos Principais Modelos de Internacionalização de Empresas. In: Anais do XXX ENANPAD. Salvador: ANPAD, 2006. ”

DUNNING, J. H. (2000) The eclectic paradigm as an envelope for economic and business theories of MNE activity. International Business Review, 9, 163-190

DUNNING, J. H. (2001) The eclectic paradigm of international production: past, present, and future. International Journal of the Economics of Business, 8 (2), 173-190

EISENHARDT, K. M. (1989); Building Theories From Case Study Research. Academy of Management, 14(4), 532 – 550

ENOS, J. L.,The creation of technological capability in developing countries. Pinter Publishers, London

FIGUEIREDO, P. N. (2001) Technological Learning and Competitive Performance. Northampton, USA. Edward Elgar

FIGUEIREDO, P. N. (2003) Aprendizagem Tecnológica e Performance Competitiva. Rio de Janeiro, Editora FGV, 2003.

FIGUEIREDO, P. N. (2010) Discontinuous innovation capability accumulation in latecomer natural resource-processing firms. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 77, 1090-1108

HOBDAY, M. (1995) Innovation in East Asia: the challenge to Japan. Aldershot: Edward Elgar

HOBDAY, M.; Rush, H. (2007) Upgrading the technological capabilities of foreign transnational subsidiaries in developing countries: The case of electronics in Thailand, Research Policy 36(9): 1335-1356.

HYMER, S.(1976) The international operations of national firms: a study of direct foreign investment. Doctorate Thesis, Cambridge, MA:The MIT Press

IANSITI, M.; Clark, K. (1994) Integration and dynamic capability: evidence from product development in automobiles and mainframe computers, Industrial and Corporate Change, 33: 557–605.

JICK,T. D. (1979) Mixing Qualitative and Quantitative Methods:Triangulation in Action.Administrative Science Quartely, 24 (4), 602-611

JOHANSON. J.; Vahlne, J. (1977) The internationalization process of the firm: a model of knowledge development and increasing market commitment. Journal of International Business Studies, 8, 23-32,

JOHANSON, J.; Vahlne, J.(1990) The Mechanism of Internationalization. International Marketing Review, v.7, n.4, 11-24

JOHANSON, J.; Wiedersheim-Paul, F. (1975) The internationalization of the firm: Four Swedish Cases. Journal of Management Studies, 12 (3), 305-322

KARAOZ, M.;Albeni, M. (2005) Dynamic technological learning trends in Turkish manufacturing industries. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 72, 866-885

KATZ, J. (1976) Importación de tecnología, aprendizaje y industrialización dependiente. México: Fondo de Cultura Económica

KIM, L. (1993) National system of industrial innovation: dynamics of capability building in Korea. In: nelson, R. R. (ed.) National Innovation Systems: a Comparative Analysis. New York : Oxford University Press

KIM, L. (1997) The dynamics of Samsung’s technological learning in semiconductors. California Management Review,39 (3), 86-100

KOGUT, B. International International Management and Strategy. In: Pettigrew, A.;Whittington, R. (Ed.). Strategy and Management. London, Sage Publications, 261-278.

KRAUS, P.G. (2006) O Processo de Internacionalização das Empresas: o caso brasileiro. Revista de Negócios, Blumenau, 11 (2), 25-47

LALL, S.(1980) Monopolistic Advantages and Involvement by U.S. Manufacturing Industry. Oxford Economic Papers (New Series), 32 (1)

LALL, S. (1992) Technological Capabilities and Industrialization.World Development, 20(2): 165- 186

LEONIDOU, L.; KATSIKEAS, C.; SAMIEE, S..(2002) Marketing strategy determinants of export performance: a meta-analysis. Journal of Business Research, 55 (1), 51-67

MARCELLE, G. (2005) How do Telecom firms build capabilities? Lessons from Africa. Telecommunications Policy, 29, 549-572

MOLERO, J., M. Buesa; Fonfría, A. (1998) The Internationalization of SMEs Innovatory Firms in the Southern European Economies. Conference. In: EU Integration in the Context of Globalization. London, South Bank University

NAM, K. (2011) Learning through the international joint venture: lessons from the experience of China´s automotive sector. Industrial and Corporate Change, 20 (3), 855-907

OVIATT, B.; McDougall, P. (1999) A framework for understanding accelerated international entrepreneurship. In: Rugman, A.; Wright, R. (eds.) Research in global strategic management: international entrepreneurship. Stamford, JAI Press Inc. 23-40

PAVITT, K. (1991) Key Characteristics of the Large Innovating Firm. British Journal of Management, 2, 41-50

PENROSE, Edith. (1959) The Theory of the Growth of the Firm. Oxford, Basil Blackwell

PRAHALAD, C.; Hamel, G. (1990) The Core Competence of the Corporation. Harvard Business Review, 90 (3), 79-91.

PRASHANTHAM, S. (2005) Toward a Knowledge-Based Conceptualization of Internationalization. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 3 (1)

REICHERT, F. M.; Beltrame, R. S.; Corso, K. B.; Trevisan, M.; Zawislak, P. A. (2011) Technological Capability´s Predictor Variables. Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, 6 (1), 14 - 25

ROUSSEVA, R. (2008) Identifying Technological Capabili- ties with Different Degree of Coherence: the challenge to achieve high technological sophistication in latecomer software companies (based on the Bulgarian case) Technological Forecasting and Social Change 75(7): 1007-1031.

RUGMAN, A. M. (1980) A New Theory of the Multinational Enterprise: Internationalization Versus Internalization. Columbia Journal of World Business, 15 (1)

SCOTT-KEMMIS, D. (1988) Learning and the accumulation of technological capacity in Brazilian pulp and paper firms. World Employment Programme Research, Working Paper nº 187, 2-22

TEECE D., Pisano G. And Shuen A. (1997) Dynamic capabilities and strategic management. Strategic Management Journal, 18 (7), 509-533.

VERNON, R. (1966) International investment and international trade in the product cycle. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 80, 190-207

VERNON, R. (1979) The product cycle hypothesis in a new international environment. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 41 (4), 255-267

WELCH, L. S.; Luostarinen, R.: (1988) Internationalization: Evolution of a Concept. Journal of General Management, 14 (2)

WESTPHAL, L. E.; KIM, L.; DAHLMAN, C. J. (1984) Reflections of Korea’s acquisition of technological capability.Washington, DC: World Bank Research Department, Economics and Research Staff (Report DRD77).

XIE, X (2004) Technological learning in China´s colour TV (CTV) industry. Technovation, 24, 499-512.

XIE,W.;Wu, G. (2003) Differences between learning process in small tigers and large dragons: Learning processes of two colors TV (CTV) firms within China. Research Policy, 32, 1463-1479

YIN, R. K. (2005) Estudo de caso: planejamento e métodos; Porto Alegre, Bookman


Copyright (c)

2017 © Universidad Alberto Hurtado - Facultad de Economía y Negocios. 
Erasmo Escala 1835 - Santiago, Chile.
Economic Analysis Review | Observatorio Económico | Gestión y Tendencias 

Journal Supported by Chimera Innova Group