Exploring Knowledge Transfer at UC Engineering School

Hector Eduardo Gaete Fica

Abstract


I explore the degree to which patents represent magnitude of knowledge transferred from University to Industry. Building on the Agrawal & Henderson (2002) framework, I compare two MIT engineering departments and the School of Engineering of the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (UC Engineering). Based on quantitative and qualitative data I estimated the relative importance of patenting as a knowledge transfer mechanism. I found that in UC Engineering patenting and publishing activity have increased steadily, in line with faculty size increase. However, patenting is perceived by academics as a relatively less important technology transfer channel, and in terms of production counting it appears much less relevant. Although in terms of relative importance of publishing over patenting as a technology transfer channel both are relatively similar, in the perception of faculty; in terms of production counting there is a substantial difference. I suggest some plausible explanations, proposing new avenues for research.


Keywords


knowledge transfer; academic patenting; scientific publication.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arvanitis, Spyros; Kubli, Ursulina; Woerter, Martin. 2008. University-Industry Knowledge and Technology Transfer in Switzerland: What University Scientists Think About Co-operation with Private Enterprises. Research Policy N°37 (2008). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2008.07.005

Bekkers, Rudi; Bodas Freitas; Isabel Maria. 2008. Analysing Knowledge Transfer Channels Between Universities and Industry: To What Degree do Sectors Also Matter? Research Policy N°37 (2008). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2008.07.007

Bodas Freitas, Isabel Maria; Marques, Rosane Argou Marques; De Paula e Silva, Evando Mirra. 2013. University – Industry Collaboration and Innovation in Emergent and Mature Industries in new Industrialized Countries. Research Policy N°42 (2013). B.V. Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2012.06.006

Bozeman, Barry; Rimes, Heather; Youtie, Jan. 2015. The Evolving State-of-the-art in Technology Transfer Research: Revisiting the Contingent Effectiveness Model. Research Policy N°44 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2014.06.008

Bruneel, Johan; D’Este, Pablo; Salter, Ammon. 2010. Investigating the Factors that Diminish the Barriers to University – Industry Collaboration. Research Policy N°39 (2010). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2010.03.006

Clarysse, Bart; Tartari, Valentina; Salter, Ammon. 2011. The Impact of Entrepreneurial Capacity, Experience and Organizational Support on Academic Entrepreneurship. Research Policy N°40. Elsevier B. V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2011.05.010

CONICYT. 2017. Dimensiones de la Producción Científica Nacional - Programa de Información Científica CONICYT. URL: https://dataciencia.conicyt.cl/interfaz/. Downloaded on November 20th 2017.

Consejo Nacional de Innovación para el Desarrollo. 2017. Estrategia Nacional de Innovación para el Desarrollo 2nd. Ed.

Crespi, Gustavo; D’Este, Pablo; Fontana, Roberto; Geuna, Aldo. 2011. The Impact of Academic Patenting on University Research and its Transfer. Research Policy N°40 (2011). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2010.09.010

DICTUC SA. 2016. Annual Report 2015. https://www.dictuc.cl/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/Annual-Report-Dictuc-2016-.pdf

Giuliani, Elisa; Morrison, Andrea; Pietrobelli, Carlo; Rabellotti, Roberta. 2010. Who are the Researchers that are Collaborating with Industry? An Analysis of the Wine Sectors in Chile, South Africa and Italy. Research Policy N°39 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2010.03.007

Hewitt-Dundas, Nola. 2012. Research Intensity and Knowledge Transfer Activity in UK Universities. Research Policy N°41 (2012). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2011.10.010

Johnson, William. 2011. Managing University Technology Development Using Organizational Control Theory. Research Policy N°40 (2011). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2011.10.010

Kleinknecht, Alfred & Reinders, Henk Jan. (2012). How Good Are Patents as Innovation Indicators? Evidence from German CIS Data. Innovation and Growth: From R&D Strategies of Innovating Firms to Economy-wide Technological Change. Oxford University Press. DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646685.003.0006

Landry, Rejean; Saihi, Malek; Amara, Nabil; Ouimet, Mathieu. 2010. Evidence on How Academics Manage their Portfolio of Knowledge Transfer Activities. Research Policy N°39 (2010). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2010.08.003

Maietta, Ornella Wanda. 2015. Determinants of University – Firm R&D Collaboration and its Impact on Innovation: A Perspective from a low-tech Industry. Research Policy N°44 (2015). B.V. Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2015.03.006

National Academy of Inventors. 2017. Top 100 Worldwide Universities Granted U.S. Utility Patents in 2016. http://www.academyofinventors.com/pdf/top-100-universities-2016.pdf

Perkmann, Markus, Kin, Zella & Pavelin, Stephen. 2011. Engaging Excellence? Effects of Faculty Quality on University Engagement with Industry. Research Policy N°40 (2011). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2011.01.007

Perkmann, Markus; Tartari, Valentina; McKelvey, Maureen; Autio, Erikko; Broström, Anders; D’Este, Pablo; Fini, Riccardo; Geuna, Aldo; Grimaldi, Rosa; Hughes, Alan; Krabel, Stefan; Kitson, Michael; Llerena, Patrick; Lissoni, Franceso; Salter, Ammon; Sobrero, Maurizio. 2013. Academic Engagement and Commercialisation: A Review of the Literature on University – Industry Relations. Research Policy N°42 (2013). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2012.09.007

Petralia, Sergio; Balland, Pierre-Alexandre; Morrison, Andrea. 2017. Climbing the Ladder of Technological Development. Research Policy N°46 (2017). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2017.03.012

Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. 2016. School of Engineering. RESEARCH@ENGINEERING.UC.CL.

Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. 2017. School of Engineering. Report Diagnostic of Academic Entrepreneurship Situation.

Rasmussen, Einar; Borch, Odd Jarl. 2010. University Capabilities in Facilitating Entrepreneurship: A Longitudinal Study of Spin-off Ventures at Mid-range Universities. Research Policy N°39 (2010). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2010.02.002

Sengupta, Abhijit & Ray, Amit S. 2017. University Research and Knowledge Transfer: A Dynamic View of Ambidexteriry in British Universities. Research Policy N°46 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2017.03.008

Van Looy, Bart; Landoni, Paolo; Callaert, Julie; Van Pottelsberghe; Sapsalis, Eleftherios; Debackere, Koenraad. 2011. Entrepreneurial Effectiveness on European Universities: An Empirical Assessment of antecedents and Trade-Offs. Research Policy N°40 (2011). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2011.02.001

World Intellectual Property Organization. 2017. World Intellectual Property Indicators 2017. http://www.wipo.int/edocs/pubdocs/en/wipo_pub_941_2017.pdf






Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Technology Management & Innovation

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

2018 © Universidad Alberto Hurtado - Facultad de Economía y Negocios. 
Erasmo Escala 1835 - Santiago, Chile.
Economic Analysis Review | Observatorio Económico | Gestión y Tendencias 

Journal Supported by