El Valor de la Tecnología: Enfoques Novedosos para su Determinación

Claudia Nelcy Jimenez, Oscar F. Castellanos

Abstract


Traditionally, Technology valuation has been applied with the financial focus of Project management, focusing on the economical dimension. However, several authors have detected problems in this approach and propose the inclusion of qualitative aspects of technology. The aim of this paper is to identify alternative proposals for estimating the value of technology. A scientometric study was carried out and as a result, novel works were identified, like the use of roadmapping, econometrics and neural networks in technology valuation. We conclude that different approaches exist, but, in general, aspects as the knowledge embodied in technology are not taken into account, with a reductionist and linear view of the valuation process and the technology itself. We formulate some considerations on an approach of technology valuation from biology, as an alternative approximation from the organicistic view, in order to add attributes like dynamicity and adaptation.

Keywords


Technology valuation; technological capabilities; alternatives of Technology valuation; hard and soft technology.

Full Text:

PDF [es] (Español)

References


AÏT-EL-HADJ, S. (1990). Gestión de la tecnología. La empresa frente a la mutación tecnológica. Ediciones Gestión 3000, Estados Unidos.

ANGELO, R., Domenico, C., Luigi, I. y Iacobelli, M. (2008). Technology Valuation for Biotechnology: techniques for valuation of Intellectual Property. IBIC Conference, Italia.

BELL, M. (2007). Types and Levels of Technological Capability in Developing Countries. Background Paper No. 10. In Technological learning and the development of production and innovative capacities in the industry and infrastructure sectors of the least developed countries: what roles for ODA? (pp. 100-111).SPRU-Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex, Paper prepared for UNCTAD Division for Africa, Least Developed Countries and Special Programmes, Brighton, United Kingdom.

BELL, M. y Pavitt, K. (1995). The development of technological capabilities. In Trade, technology and international competitiveness (pp. 69-101).The World Bank, Washington.

BLACK, F. y Scholes, M. (1973). The pricing of options and corporate liabilities. The journal of political economy,(81), 637-654.

BONTIS, N. (2001). Assessing knowledge assets: a review of the models used to measure intellectual capital. International Journal of Management Reviews, 3(1), 41-60.

BRENT, A. C. y Kruger, W. J. L. (2009). Systems analyses and the sustainable transfer of renewable energy technologies: A focus on remote areas of Africa. Renewable Energy, 34(7), 1774-1781.

BRENT, A. C. y Rogers, D. E. (2010). Renewable rural electrification: Sustainability assessment of mini-hybrid off-grid technological systems in the African context. Renewable Energy, 35(1), 257-265.

BREZOCNIK, M. y Balic, J. (2001). A genetic-based approach to simulation of self-organizing assembly. Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, 17(1-2), 113-120.

BREZOCNIK, M., Balic, J. y Brezocnik, Z. (2003). Emergence of intelligence in next-generation manufacturing systems. Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, 19(1-2), 55-63.

CAPONI, G. (2004). El reduccionismo en la biología contemporánea. Signos filosóficos, 12(2), 33-62.

CAPRA, F. (1998). La Trama de la Vida, Una Perspectiva Nueva de los Sistemas Vivos. Editorial Anagrama, Barcelona.

CHIESA, V., Gilardoni, E. y Manzini, R. (2005). The valuation of technology in buy-cooperate-sell decisions. European Journal of Innovation Management, 8(1), 5-30.

COWAN, K. R. y Daim, T. U. (2009). Comparative technological road-mapping for renewable energy. Technology in Society, 31(4), 333-341.

CRISTANCHO, A. (2011). Valoración de las Capacidades y Competencias Tecnológicas. Consideraciones para su Aplicación en el Aparato Productivo Colombiano. Trabajo para optar al título de Magíster en ingeniería industrial, Universidad Nacional de Colombia.

DAHLMAN, C. y Westphal, L. (1982). Technological effort in industrial development: an interpretative survey of recent research. World Bank

DAIM, T. U. e Intarode, N. (2009). A framework for technology assessment: Case of a Thai building material manufacturer. Energy for Sustainable Development, 13(4), 280-286.

DAIM, T. U. y Cowan, K. R. (2010). Assessing renewable energy portfolio futures with multiple perspectives: The case of the northwest US. Technology in Society, 32(4), 255-263.

DAIM, T. U., Yates, D., Peng, Y. y Jimenez, B. (2009). Technology assessment for clean energy technologies: The case of the Pacific Northwest. Technology in Society, 31(3), 232-243.

DÍAZ, V. P. y Calzadilla, A. (2001). El Reduccionismo, Antirreduccionismo y el Papel de los Enfoques y Métodos Generales del Conocimiento Científico. Cinta de Moebio, 11, 148-160.

DOERR, K. H., Gates, W. R. y Mutty, J. E. (2006). A hybrid approach to the valuation of RFID/MEMS technology applied to ordnance inventory. International Journal of Production Economics, 103(2), 726-741.

DUBIN, J. A. (2007). Valuing intangible assets with a nested logit market share model. Journal of econometrics, 139(2), 285-302.

DUTKIEWICZ, V. A., Qureshi, S., Husain, L., Schwab, J. J. y Demerjian, K. L. (2006a). Elemental composition of PM2.5 aerosols in Queens, New York: Evaluation of sources of fine-particle mass. Atmospheric Environment, 40(Supplement 2), 347-359.

DUTKIEWICZ, V. A., Qureshi, S., Khan, A. R., Husain, L., Schwab, J. J. y Demerjian, K. L. (2006b). Field test data for 42 liter per minute PM2.5 aerosol sampler used during the PMTACS-NY intensives held at Queens College, Queens, NY. Atmospheric Environment, 40(Supplement 2), 182-191.

DUTRÉNIT, G., Vera-Cruz, A., Arias, A., Avendaño, G., Gil, J. L., Sampedro, J. L. et al. (2002). Marco analítico para el análisis de los procesos de acumulación de capacidades tecnológicas. Colef/Flacso/UAM, México.

EDVINSSON, L. y Sullivan, P. (1996). Developing a model for managing intellectual capital. European Management Journal, 14(4).

EICHNER, T., Gemünden, H. G. y Kautzsch, T. (2007). What is Technology Worth? The Journal of Investing, 16(3), 96-103.

ELÓI, D. y Santiago, L. (2008). Avaliar X valorar novas tecnologias: desmistificando conceitos.www.institutoinovacao.com.br/downloads/Avaliar_x_Valorar_1.pdf. [Accessed 2-5-2011]

FARRUKH, C., Dissel, M., Jackson, K., Phaal, R. y Probert, D. (2009). Valuing technology along a timeline of technological maturity. International Journal of Technology Management, 48(1), 42-55.

FLEISCHER, T., Decker, M. y Fiedeler, U. (2005). Assessing emerging technologies--Methodological challenges and the case of nanotechnologies. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 72(9), 1112-1121.

HENDERSON, D. (2002). Radiofarmacia – Parte 1. Programa de Entrenamiento Asistido a Distancia para Tecnólogos en Medicina Nuclear. Hospital Westmead, Sydney- OIEA - AusAID, Australia.

HETMAN, F. (1973). Society and the Assessment of Technology. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development - OECD, París.

HILTY, L. M., Arnfalk, P., Erdmann, L., Goodman, J., Lehmann, M. y W„ger, P. A. (2006). The relevance of information and communication technologies for environmental sustainability - A prospective simulation study. Environmental Modelling & Software, 21(11), 1618-1629.

HUNT, F. H., Probert, D. R., Wong, J. C. y Phaal, R. (2003). Valuation of technology: exploring a practical hybrid model. PICMET (pp. 47-53), IEEE.

HUNT, F. H., Thorn, V., Mitchell, R., Probert, D. y Phaal, R. (2007). Internal technology valuation: Real world issues. PICMET (pp. 1736-1742), IEEE.

INC. (2007). Nuevas perspectivas de la radiofarmacia hospitalaria: Radiofarmacia y Central de Mezclas para el Instituto Nacional de Cancerología E.S.E. INC, Bogotá.

JANSSEN, M. C. W. y Mendys-Kamphorst, E. (2007). Evolution of market shares with repeated purchases and heterogeneous network externalities. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 17(5), 551-577.

JIMÉNEZ, C. N. y Castellanos, O. (2008). Perspectivas y consideraciones sobre el aporte biológico al desarrollo de la gestión de tecnología. Innovar, 18(32), 47-64.

JIMÉNEZ, C. N. y Castellanos, O. (2011). Enfoque multidimensional y dinámico de la valoración tecnológica. Sexto congreso internacional de la Red de Investigación y Docencia sobre Innovación Tecnológica RIDIT, Manizales.

JIMÉNEZ, C. N. y Castellanos, O. (2012). Technology and its value at the Bottom of the Pyramid. Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology (pp. 1355-1360), PICMET, Vancouver, Canadá.

JIMÉNEZ, C. N., Castellanos, O. y Montoya, A. (2009). Manufactura biológica e inteligente: atributos de la vida aplicados al desarrollo tecnológico. Ingeniería e investigación, 29(2), 127-134.

KAKATI, M. y Dhar, U. R. (1991). Investment justification in flexible manufacturing systems. Engineering Costs and Production Economics, 21(3), 203-209.

KAPLAN, R. S. (1986). Must CIM be justified by faith alone? Harvard Business Review,(March-April), 87-95.

KATZ, M. (2010). El reduccionismo. Epistemología e Historia de la Química – Curso 2010. Argentina, Universidad Nacional de Tucumán.

KOIVISTO, R., Wessberg, N., Eerola, A., Ahlqvist, T., Kivisaari, S., Myllyoja, J. et al. (2009). Integrating future-oriented technology analysis and risk assessment methodologies. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 76(9), 1163-1176.

LAI, Y. H. y Che, H. C. (2009). Modeling patent legal value by Extension Neural Network. Expert Systems with Applications, 36(7), 10520-10528.

LALL, S. (1992). Technological capabilities and industrialization. World Development, 20(2), 165-186.

LES. (2008). Technology valuation and License negotiation course. The Licensing Executives Society International.

LEWIS, N., Enke, D. y Spurlock, D. (2004). Valuation for the Strategic Management of Research and Development Projects: The Deferral Option. Engineering Management Journal, 16(4), 36-48.

LI, Y. R. y Chen, Y. G. (2006). Managing Technology: The Technology Valuation Approach. PICMET (pp. 535-540), IEEE, Turquía.

MAIONE, G. y Naso, D. (2002). Adaptation of multi-agent manufacturing control by means of genetic algorithms and discrete event simulation.: Vol. 4. Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics (pp. 529-534).

MAIONE, G. y Naso, D. (2003). A genetic approach for adaptive multiagent control in heterarchical manufacturing systems. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Part A:Systems and Humans., 33(5), 573-588.

MAIONE, G. y Naso, D. (2004). Modelling adaptive multi-agent manufacturing control with discrete event system formalism. International Journal of Systems Science, 35(10), 591-614.

MALONEY, J. D. (1982). How companies assess technology. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 22(3-4), 321-329.

MORGAN, G. (1998). Imágenes de la organización. Alfaomega, México.

MUSANGO, J. K. y Brent, A. C. (2011a). A conceptual framework for energy technology sustainability assessment. Energy for Sustainable Development, 15(1), 84-91.

MUSANGO, J. K. y Brent, A. C. (2011b). Assessing the sustainability of energy technological systems in Southern Africa: A review and way forward. Technology in Society, 33(1), 145-155.

NYOKA, M. y Brent, A. C. (2007). Application of an environmental valuation approach that incorporates externality costs in sustainability decision-making of the metallurgical sector. Journal of The South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 107(10), 663-669.

PARAMANATHAN, S., Farrukh, C., Phaal, R. y Probert, D. (2004). Implementing industrial sustainability: the research issues in technology management. R & D Management, 34(5), 527-537.

PARK, Y. y Park, G. (2004). A new method for technology valuation in monetary value: procedure and application. Technovation, 24(5), 387-394.

PRAHALAD, C. K. y Hamel, G. (1990). The core competence of the corporation. Harvard Business Review,(May-June), 79-91.

QURESHI, S., Dutkiewicz, V. A., Khan, A. R., Swami, K., Yang, K. X., Husain, L. et al. (2006). Elemental composition of PM2.5 aerosols in Queens, New York: Solubility and temporal trends. Atmospheric Environment, 40(Supplement 2), 238-251.

RAAFAT, F. (2002). A comprehensive bibliography on justification of advanced manufacturing systems. International Journal of Production Economics, 79(3), 197-208.

REN, X., Harder, H., Martinez, M., Lesher, R. L., Oliger, A., Simpas, J. B. et al. (2003). OH and HO2 Chemistry in the urban atmosphere of New York City. Atmospheric Environment, 37(26), 3639-3651.

RESCHER, N. (2008). Process Philosophy. In E. E.N.Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.The Metaphysics Research Lab, Stanford University, Stanford, CA.

ROBINSON, D. K. R. y Propp, T. (2008). Multi-path mapping for alignment strategies in emerging science and technologies. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 75(4), 517-538.

SÁBATO, J. (1979). Ensayos en Campera. Juárez Editores, Buenos Aires.

SHEHABUDDEEN, N., Probert, D. y Phaal, R. (2006). From theory to practice: challenges in operationalising a technology selection framework. Technovation, 26(3), 324-335.

TAVANA, M. y Sodenkamp, M. A. (2010). A fuzzy multi-criteria decision analysis model for advanced technology assessment at Kennedy Space Center. Journal of the Operational Research Society, 61(10), 1459-1470.

TAYLOR, F. W. (1911). Scientific management. New York.

THORN, V., Hunt, F. H., Mitchell, R., Probert, D. y Phaal, R. (2011). Internal technology valuation: Real world issues. International Journal of Technology Management, 53(2-4), 149-160.

TIDD, J. (2000). From knowledge Management to Strategic Competence. University of Sussex, UK.

TRAN, T. A. y Daim, T. (2008). A taxonomic review of methods and tools applied in technology assessment. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 75(9), 1396-1405.

UEDA, K., Hatono, I., Fujii, N. y Vaario, J. (2000). Reinforcement learning approaches to Biological Manufacturing System. CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology. 49, 343-346. 1920.

UEDA, K., Hatono, I., Fujii, N. y Vaario, J. (2001). Line-less production system using self-organization: A case study for BMS. CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology. 50, 319-322. 1922.

UEDA, K., Vaario, J. y Ohkura, K. (1997). Modelling of biological manufacturing systems for dynamic reconfiguration. CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology. 46, 343-X72. 1922.

VALHONDO, D. (2003). Gestión del conocimiento: del mito a la realidad. Ediciones Díaz de Santos

WAISSBLUTH, M. (1990). El paquete tecnológico y la innovación. In Conceptos Generales de Gestión Tecnológica. Colección Ciencia y Tecnología No. 26.

WATKINS, W. M. (1998). Technology and business strategy: getting the most out of technological assets. Greenwood Press, Wesport, USA.

WEIMER, S., Drewnick, F., Hogrefe, O., Schwab, J. J., Rhoads, K., Orsini, D. et al. (2006). Size-selective nonrefractory ambient aerosol measurements during the Particulate Matter Technology Assessment and Characterization Study. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 111(D18).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-27242013000300008



Copyright (c)



2017 © Universidad Alberto Hurtado - Facultad de Economía y Negocios. 
Erasmo Escala 1835 - Santiago, Chile.
Economic Analysis Review | Observatorio Económico | Gestión y Tendencias 

Journal Supported by Chimera Innova Group