Intellectual Capital and Innovation Performance: Empirical Evidence in the Turkish Automotive Supplier


  • Muammer Zerenler University of Selcuk
  • Selcuk Burak Hasiloglu University of Reading
  • Mete Sezgin University of Selcuk



Intellectual capital, innovation, Turkish automotive supplier


The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of intellectual capital of Turkish automotive supplier industry upon their innovation performance. This study showed that three types of intellectual capital – employee capital, structural capital, and customer capital – had a significantly positive relationship with innovation performance. Moreover, the results also indicated that the higher the growth rate of an industry, the stronger were the positive relationships between three types of intellectual capital and innovation performance. Besides, customer capital was the greatest among these three types of intellectual capital in Turkish automotive supplier industry, employee capital was the next, and structural capital was the least. This shows two points; first, Turkish automotive supplier industry emphasized the interactive “relations” with their suppliers, clients, and partners; second, it was imperative for Turkish manufacturing enterprises to develop their structural capital to increase their innovation performance.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Muammer Zerenler, University of Selcuk


Selcuk Burak Hasiloglu, University of Reading

IRC, Marketing

Mete Sezgin, University of Selcuk



ACS, Z. (2002). Innovation and the Growth of Cities, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

ANDRIESSEN, D. (2001). Making Sense of Intellectual Capital, New York Elsevier.

AVLONITIS, G.J., Kouremenos, A, Tzokas, N. (1994).Assessing the innovativeness of organizations and its antecedents: project innovstrat. European Journal of Marketing, V.28(11), 5-28.

BARCZAK, G. & Wilemon, D. (2003). Team Member Experiences in New Product Development: Views from the Trenches. R & D Management, V33(5), 463-479.

BECKER, G.S. (1975) Human Capital. New York: Columbia University Press.

BEDIR,A. (1999). Gelismis Otomotiv Sanayilerinde Ana-Yan Sanayi lliskileri ve Turkiye'de OtomotivYan Sanayinin Gelecegi (Assembler-supplier Relation in the Developed Automotive Industry and The Future of Automotive Supplier Industry' in Turkey) (in Turkish), Ankara: State Planning Organization, No: 2495.

BONNER,J.M. & Walker, O.C. (2004). Selecting influential business-to-business customers in new product development: relational embeddedness and knowledge heterogeneity considerations, Journal of Product Innovation Management, V.21, 155-169.

BONTIS, N. (1998). Intellectual capital: an exploratory study that develops measures and models. Management Decision, V.36, No.2,63-76.

BONTIS, N. (1999). Managing Organizational Knowledge by Diagnosing Intellectual Capital: Framing and Advancing the State of the Field. International Journal of Technology Management, 18, 5-8, 433-462.

BOULTON, R., Libert, B. & Samak, S. (2000). Cracking the Value Code. How Successful Businesses are Creating Wealth in the New Economy, NY: Harper Collins.

BOZBURA, F. T. (2004). Measurement and Application of Intellectual Capital in Turkey. Learning Organizational 1 (4/5), 357-367

BROOKÍNG,A (1997). Intellectual Capital. London: International Thomson Business Press.

CAPELLO, R. & Faggian, A. (2005) Collective learning and relational capital in local innovation processes, Regional Studies, V.39, 75-87.

CHOO, C. & Bontis, N. (2002). The Strategic Management of Intellectual Capital and Organizational Knowledge. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

CHWALOWSKI, M. (1997). Intellectual Capital Matters!. The Electricity Journal, V. 10, No. 10,88-93.

DAKHLI, M., & De Clercq, D. (2004). Human capital, social capital, and innovation: a multi-country study. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, V. 16, 107-128.

DE BRENTANI, U. & Kleinschmidt, E.J. (2004) Corporate Culture and Commitment: Impact on Performance of International New Product Development Programs. Journal of Product Innovation Management, V.21 (5), 309-333

DESHPANDE, R., Farley, J.U., Webster Jr F.E. (1993). Corporate culture customer orientation and innovativeness in Japanese firms: a quadrad analysis.Journal of Marketing, V57(1),23-29.

DIAMANTOPOULOS, A & Inglis, K. (1988). Identifying differences between high- and low involvement exporters. International Marketing Review, V.5(2), 52-60.

DZINKOWSKI, R. (2000).The Measurement and Management of Intellectual Capital An Introduction. International Management Accounting, Vol: 78, No: 2, 168-183.

EDVINSSON, L. & Malone, M. S. (1997). Intellectual Capital: Realizing Your Company's True Value By Finding Its Hidden Brainpower. New York: Harper Business.

EDVINSSON, L. (1997). Developing intellectual capital at Skandia. Long Range Planning. 30(3), 366-373.

EDVINSSON, L, Dvir, R., Roth, N. & Pasher, E. (2004). Innovations: the new unit of analysis in the knowledge era The quest and context for innovation efficiency and amangement of IC. Journal of Intellectual Capital. 5(1), 40-48.

GARCIA, R. & Calantone, R.J. (2002). A Critical Look at Technological Innovation Typology and Innovativeness Terminology: a Literature Review. Journal of Product Innovation Management, Vol. 19 (2), 110-132.

GUTHERIE, J. ,Johanson, U., Bukh, P. N., & Sanchez, P. (2003). Intangibles and the transuppliernt enterprise: new strands of knowledge. Journal of Intellectual Capital,.V4(4), 429-440.

GUTHRIE J. (2001).The Management, Measurement and the Reporting of Intellectual Capital. Journal of Intellectual Capital, Cilt.2,Sayi:1,24-41.

HILL, C.W.L & Jones, G.R. (2001). Strategic Management Theory An Integrated Approach, Boston, New York: Houghton Mifflin Company. & def_dil_id=149(13.02.2007)

JOHNSON, W. HA. (1999). An Integrative Taxonomy of Intellectual Capital: Measuring the Stock and Flow of Intellectual Capital Components in the Firm. International Journal of Technology Management, V18(5-8), 562-575

KLEIN, D.A. (Ed) (1998). The Strategic Management of Intellectual Capital. New York: Butterworth-Heinemann Pub.

KUCZMARRSKI, T.D. (1996). Innovation: Leadership strategies for the competitive edge. NTC Business Books & American Marketing Association

KUEMMERLE,W. (2002). Home base and knowledge management in international ventures. Journal of Business Venturing, 17(2), 99-122.

MARR, B. (Ed.), (2005). Perspectives on Intellectual Capital. Multidisciplinar/ Insights into Management, Measurement and Reporting. London: Elsevier.

MARR, B., Gray, D. & Neely, A. (2003). Why do firms measure their intellectual capital? Journal of Intellectual Capital, 4 (4), 441 -464.

MILLER, D. & Friesen, P.H. (1982). Innovation in conservative and entrepreneurial firms: two models of strategic momentum. Strategic Management Journal, V.3(1), 1-25.

MOURITSEN, J., Bukh, P. N., Larsen, H.T. & Joansen, M.R. (2002). Developing and managing knowledge through intellectual capital statements. Journal of Intellectual Capital, V.3(1), 10-29.

MOURITSEN, J., Larsen, H.T. & Bukh, RN. (2001). Reading intellectual capital statements: de scribing and pre scribing knowledge management strategies.Journal of Intellectual Capital, 2 (4), 359-383.

NELSON, R. & S. Winter (1982). An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change. Cambridge (MA): Harvard University Press.

PORTER, M.E. (1990). The Comparative Advantage of Nations, Basingstoke/London: Macmillan.

RIVETTE, K. (2000). Discovering New Value in Intellectual Capital. Harvard Business Review, Jan-Feb'00.

RUSSEL, J., Terborg, J. & Powers M. (1985). Organizational Performance and Organization Level Training and Support. Personnel Psychology, V.38, No: 25, 41-63.

SCOTT,A.J. (1988). New Industrial Spaces, London: Pion.

STEWART, A. T. (1997). Intellectual Capital, The New Wealth of Organizations. New York: Bantam Doubleday Publishing.

STORPER, M. & Venables, A.J. (2004). Buzz: face-to-face contact and the urban economy. Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, Vol. 4(4), 351-370

SUBRAMANIAN, A. & Nilakanta, S. (1996). Organizational innovativeness: exploring the relationship between organizational determinants of innovation, types of innovations, and measures of organizational performance. Omego, V24(6), 631-677.

TEECE, DJ. (2000). Managing Intellectual Capital: Organizational, Strategic, and Policy Dimensions (Clarendon Lectures in Management Studies). NY: Oxforf University Press.

WALSH, J. P. & Ungson, G. R. (1991). Organizational Memory. Academy of Management Review, 16(1), 57-91.

ZHOU, A. Z. & D. Fink. (2003). The Intellectual capital web. A systematic linking of intellectual capital and knowledge management. Journal of Intellectual Capital, V4(1), 34-48.




How to Cite

Zerenler, M., Hasiloglu, S. B., & Sezgin, M. (2008). Intellectual Capital and Innovation Performance: Empirical Evidence in the Turkish Automotive Supplier. Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, 3(4), 31–40.



Research Articles