Infrastructure Development: Public Private Partnership Path for Developing Rural Telecommunications in Africa
Keywords:public private partnership, universal access and service, telecommunications, icts, telecentre
AbstractIt is the quest of every government to achieve universal Access and service of telecommunication services and ICTs. Unfortunately due to the high cost of deploying infrastructure in rural areas of developing countries due to non-significant or no economic activity, this dream of achieving Universal access and service of telecommunications/ICTs have been stalled. This paper throws light on a possible Public Private Partnership framework as a development path that will enable affordable network technologies to be deployed in rural areas at a cost that will translate to what the rural dweller in a developing country in Africa can afford. The paper is a conceptual paper
ALOZIE, N., Akpan-obong, P., William, F. (2011). Sizing up information and communications technologies as agents of political development in sub-Saharan Africa’. Telecommunications Policy. 35 (2011) 752-763.
BLACKMAN, C., & Srivastava, L. (Eds.) (2011).Telecommunications Regulation Handbook. InfoDev.World Bank Publication.
CALLON, M. (1986). Some Elements of a Sociology of Translation: Domestication of the Scallops and the Fishermen of St Brieuc Bay. Pp. 196-233 in Power,Action and Belief:A New Sociology of Knowledge, edited by John Law. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
CHAUVILLE, N., Damien, C and Van Wyk, B. (2005).WiMAX access over GSM/GPRS in rural areas, in Proceedings of Electron Devices for Microwave and Optoelectronic Applications, 2004. 12th International Symposium, 8-9 Nov.2004. 106-109. IEEE Conference Publications
DIMRI, D.P. (2003). RURAL TELEPHONY:Will There Be Will. Voice&Data Magazine. .http://voicendata.ciol.com/content/policy/103111201.asp. [Accessed September, 2011] .
FALCH, M. (2009); Universal Service and Digital Divide, Centre for Communications Media and Information technology, November 2009
HUGHES, O (1998). Public Management and Administration. St Martin’s Press, New York, Ny
ITU (2010). Key Global Telecom Indicators for the World Telecommunication Service Sector.http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/ict/statistics/at_glance/KeyTelecom.html . [Accessed September, 2011]
Internet World Statistics (2011).http://www.internetworldstats.com/top20.htm. [Accessed September, 2011]
JAMALI, D. (2004). Success and failure mechanisms of public private partnerships (PPPs) in developing countries: Insights from the Lebanese context. The International Journal of Public Sector Management. 17(5), 414-430
KAS, K. (2008).The Global Adoption and Diffusion of Mobile Phones. Harvard University Publication.http://pirp.harvard.edu/pubs_pdf/kalba/kalba-p08-1.pdf. [Accessed September, 2011]
KIM,Y., Kelly,T., Raja, S. (2010). Building broadband: Strategies and policies for the developing world. Global Information and communication department Jan, 2010 Report. World Bank.
LATOUR, B. (1987). Science in Action: How to Follow Scientists and Engineers Through Society (Milton Keynes: Open University Press).
LIE, E. (2007). Next Generation Networks and Universal Access, the challenges ahead. Global Symposium for Regulators. International Telecommunications Union . http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/treg/Events/Seminars/GSR /GSR07/discus-sion_papers/Eric_Lie_universal_service.pdf . [Accessed June, 2011]
MELODY,W. (2011). Political Economy of ICT,Lirne.net
Mobile Thinking (2011). Global mobile statistics 2011.Available on the internet. http://mobithinking.com/mobile-market-ing-tools/latest-mobile-stats. [Accessed September, 2011]
NAVAS-SABATER. (2002). The “Gaps” model and universal access. Cited by Arturo Muente-kunigami in World Bank Blogs. http://blogs.worldbank.org/ic4d/the-gaps-model-and-universal-access. [Accessed June, 2011]
NCPPP (2012).Types of Public-Private Partnerships. http://www.ncppp.org/howpart/ppptypes.shtml
NETO, C. (2005). Development Theory and Foundations of Universal Access Policies,Yale Law School
NEPAD e-Africa Commission. (2012). NEPAD ICT Broad- band Infrastructure Network. http://www.eafricacommission.org/projects/126/nepad-ict-broadband-infrastructure-network.
Oestmann, S., Dymond,A. (2008). Universal Access and Service. Module 4 of ICT regulation toolkit, Intelecon research and consultancy. http://www.ictregulationtoolkit.org/en/Sections.aspx#3126#. [Accessed June, 2011]
Population Reference Bureau (2010). PRB’s 2010 World Population Data Sheet http://www.prb.org/pdf10/10wpds_eng.pdf. [Accessed September, 2011]
Population Reference Bureau (2011). 2011 World Population Data Sheet. http://www.prb.org/pdf11/2011population-data-sheet_eng.pdf. [Accessed September, 2011]
Practice Note. (2011). Guidelines to Universal Access and Universal Service in Western Africa. InfoDev Publication. http://www.ictregulationtoolkit.org/en/PracticeNote.3079.html. [Accessed June, 2011]
TOWNSEND, D. (2003). Model Universal Access Policies: Entrepreneurial Strategies for Stimulating Telecommunications Market Development, DTNA Report
TOWNSEND, D. and Stern, P. (2006). New Models for Universal Access in Latin America. Infodev. World Bank report. http://www.ictregulationtoolkit.org/en/Publication.3511.html [Accessed September, 2011] .
The Federal Government’s Broadband Strategy (2009). http://www.bmwi.de/English/Redaktion/Pdf/broadband-strategy,property=pdf,bereich=bmwi,sprache=en,rwb=true.pdf. [Accessed June, 2011]
Universal Service Obligation.(2010). InfoDev Publication. http://www.ictregulationtoolkit.org/en/Section.1740.html, ICT Regulation Toolkit [Accessed June, 2011] .
WILLIAMS, I. (2011). Telecom Policy Innovation: the Role of Free Spectrum and Telecommunication Development in Rural Ghana. Journal for Technology Management and Innovation.Vol 6, No 3 PP 93-104
WILLIAMS, I and Botwe Y. (2010). Analysis of the Proposed Ghana Broadband Strategy, Munich, GRIN Publishing GmbH
WILLIAMS, I., and Falch, M. (2012). Public Private Partnerships and Next Generation Networks. In A.M. Hadjiantonis and B. Stiller (Eds.):Telecommunication Economics, (pp. 100–107). LNCS 7216, Springer.
World Bank (2011). Urban Development. Available on the internet. http://data.worldbank.org/topic/urban-development. [Accessed September, 2011]
WISMADI, A, and Townsend, D. (2010) .Rural ICT Policy Advocacy, Knowledge sharing and capacity building: Country case study Indonesia. ADB/International Telecommunications Union.
How to Cite