La Relación entre las Estrategias de Innovación: Coexistencia o Complementariedad


  • Jaider Manuel Vega Jurado INGENIO (CSIC-UPV), Institute of Innovation and Knowledge Management
  • Antonio Gutiérrez-Gracia INGENIO (CSIC-UPV), Institute of Innovation and Knowledge Management
  • Ignacio Fernández-de-Lucio INGENIO (CSIC-UPV), Institute of Innovation and Knowledge Management



External knowledge acquisition, internal R&D, complementarity, coexistence.


This paper explores the relationships between internal R&D and external knowledge acquisition as business innovation strategies. Drawing on absorptive capacity framework (Cohen and Levinthal, 1990), we distinguish and empirically evaluate two possible relationships: coexistence and complementarity. The analysis is based on a large sample of manufacturing firms taken from the Spanish Survey of Technological Innovation 2004. Our results show coexistence between internal R&D and external knowledge acquisition but they do not provide evidence that these activities are complementary with respect to influencing innovation performance. In other words, although our results suggest that internal R&D activities are associated with a greater use of external knowledge sourcing strategies, they do not seem to have synergistic effects to develop new products.


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Author Biographies

Jaider Manuel Vega Jurado, INGENIO (CSIC-UPV), Institute of Innovation and Knowledge Management

Researcher at the Institute of Innovation and Knowledge Management (INGENIO), a joint Institute of the Spanish Council for Scientific Research and the Polytechnic University of Valencia. Jaider obtained a degree in Industrial Engineering from Universidad del Atlántico (Colombia) in 2001, and a PhD in Engineering and Innovation Projects from the Polytechnic University of Valencia (2008). His areas of expertise are: business Innovation Strategies, absorptive capacity, University-Industry relationships, National and Regional Innovation Systems.

Antonio Gutiérrez-Gracia, INGENIO (CSIC-UPV), Institute of Innovation and Knowledge Management

INGENIO (CSIC-UPV), Institute of Innovation and Knowledge Management

Ignacio Fernández-de-Lucio, INGENIO (CSIC-UPV), Institute of Innovation and Knowledge Management

INGENIO (CSIC-UPV), Institute of Innovation and Knowledge Management


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How to Cite

Vega Jurado, J. M., Gutiérrez-Gracia, A., & Fernández-de-Lucio, I. (2009). La Relación entre las Estrategias de Innovación: Coexistencia o Complementariedad. Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, 4(3), 74–88.



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