Transferencia de Tecnología Universidad-Industria en las Universidades Públicas Estatales de México: Un Análisis Configuracional
Keywords:university-industry technology transfer, state public universities, qualitative comparative analysis, fsQCA, Mexico
AbstractThis paper analyzes the process of university-industry technology transfer (UITT) at state public universities in Mexico. It aims to understand how UITT process may achieve a high-performance level resulting from the presence of the necessary and/or sufficient conditions in this process. This research applies the fuzzy-set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) to determine the configurations (i.e., sets of conditions) that best explain a high-performance level in UITT process. Indeed, this methodological approach allows explaining the causal complexity characterizing this phenomenon. Results suggest that state public universities in Mexico do not need a high capacity for innovation developments to get a high-performance level in the process of UITT. In addition, institutional capacity, entrepreneurial capacity, academic capacity and academic competitiveness are necessary but not sufficient conditions to achieve a high-performance level in this process in Mexico. Finally, scientific and technological knowledge are central to this process at universities.
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