Technological Extension Networks and Regional Development: A Case Study In Brazil

Heitor Soares Mendes, Marta Lucia Azevedo Ferreira, Lia Hasenclever, Carlos Alberto Marques Teixeira

Abstract


This paper outlines the performance of the recent policies to strengthen the Brazilian productive structure and to support the country’s innovation. The method selected for the analysis is the case study. Based on bibliographic, documental, and empirical evidences, the objective of the present study is to investigate the effectiveness of the Brazilian Technology System (SIBRATEC), founded in 2007. The effectiveness of this system will be assessed through an outline of the institutional arrangement of the Technological Extension Network in Rio de Janeiro (SIBRATEC-ET Rede RJ) which supports competitiveness of micro, small and medium industrial enterprises (MPMEs) in the state of Rio de Janeiro. Results indicate that the institutional aspects of the arrangement do not contribute to facilitate the support to enterprises. The levels of efficiency and efficacy achieved with the use of the available technical-administrative state capabilities have failed to correspond to the expectation of providing consistent support to the state’s industrial base. However, the instruments SIBRATEC-ET Rede RJ uses to assist local MPMEs are flexible and designed aiming to adjust to the identified enterprises’ demands, which evidences great adherence in the provision of support to improve the performance and the capacities of enterprises, in order to reach the level of key-technologies.

Keywords


Public Policy; Science, Technology and Innovation Policy; Brazilian Technology System; Technological Extension Networks; Regional Development

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arretche, M. T. S. (1999). Tendências no estudo sobre avaliação. In Rico, E. M. (Org.), Avaliação de políticas sociais: uma questão em debate (pp. 29-39). 2. ed. São Paulo: Cortez.

Chang, H. J. (2002). Kicking away the ladder: development strategy in historical perspective. London: Anthem Press.

Chang, H. J. (2003). Globalisation, economic development and the role of the state. London, New York: Zed Books.

Chang, H. J. (2011). Hamlet without the prince of Denmark: how development has disappeared from today’s development discourse. In Khan, S. R. & Christiansen, J. (Eds.), Towards new developmentalism: market as means rather than master (pp. 47-58). Abingdon: Routledge.

Chaurasia, R., & Bhikajee, M. (2016). Adding entrepreneurship to India's science, technology and innovation policy. Journal of Technology Management and Innovation, 11(2), 86-103. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-27242016000200009

Chrispino, A. (2016). Introdução ao estudo das políticas públicas: uma visão interdisciplinar e contextualizada. Rio de Janeiro: FGV.

Evans, P. B. (1995). Embedded Autonomy: states and industrial transformation. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Evans, P. B. (2010). Constructing the 21st century developmental state: potentialities and pitfalls. In Edigheji, O. (Ed.), Constructing a democratic developmental state in South Africa: potentials and challenges (pp. 37-58). Cape Town: HSRC Press.

Evans, P. B. (2011). The capability enhancing developmental state: concepts and national trajectories. [Discussion Text n. 63]. Centro de Estudos sobre Desigualdade e Desenvolvimento (CEDE). Niterói: UFF.

Fiani, R. (2011). Cooperação e conflito: instituições e desenvolvimento econômico. Rio de Janeiro: Elsevier.

Gerschenkron, A. (1962). Economic backwardness in historical perspective. In Granovetter, M. & Swedberg, R., The sociology of economic life (pp. 5-30). Westview Press.

Gomide, A. A., & Pires, R. R. C. (2014). Capacidades estatais e democracia: a abordagem dos arranjos institucionais para a análise de políticas públicas. In Gomide, A. A. & Pires, R. R. C. (Eds.). Capacidades estatais e democracia: arranjos institucionais e políticas públicas (pp. 15-28). Brasília: IPEA.

Hodgson, G. M. (1988). Economics and institutions: a manifesto for modern institutional economics. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). (2014). Classificação Nacional de Atividades Econômicas (CNAE). Retrieved from https://cnae.ibge.gov.br/?view=estrutura

Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia (INT). (2016). Implantação da Rede de Extensão Tecnológica do Rio de Janeiro para apoio às micro, pequenas e médias empresas. [Relatório Técnico-Gerencial Final]. Rio de Janeiro: INT.

Kuznets, S. S. (1973). Modern economic growth: findings and reflections. American Economic Review, 63(3), 247-258.

Langlois, R. N. (1986). The new institutional economics: an introductory essay. In Langlois, R. N. (Ed.), Economics as a process: essays in the new institutional economics (pp.1-25). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.

Madeira, P. (2009). Extensão industrial em sistemas locais de produção: os efeitos da aglomeração na aquisição e difusão de novas capacitações em PME. Dissertação (Mestrado em Engenharia de Produção) - Escola Politécnica, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, Brasil.

Mazzucato, M. (2011). The entrepreneurial state. London: Demos.

Mendes, H. S. (2016). Extensão tecnológica no Brasil: uma análise da oferta e da demanda das empresas de metalmecânica da zona oeste do município do Rio de Janeiro. Tese (Doutorado em Políticas Públicas, Estratégias e Desenvolvimento) - Instituto de Economia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

Mendes, H. S., & Hasenclever, L. (2015). Development, entrepreneurial activity and industrial extension. In Rovere, R. L. L., Ozório, L. M. & Melo, L. J. (Orgs.), Entrepreneurship in BRICS: policy and research to support entrepreneurs (pp. 239-253). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Mendes, H. S., Ferreira, M. L. A., Hasenclever, L., & Teixeira, C. A. M. (2017). Extensão tecnológica e desenvolvimento regional: o caso Sibratec-ET Rede RJ (2017). Blucher Engineering Proceedings. http://dx.doi:10.5151/enei2017-44.

Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (MCTI). (2013a). Ações de C,T&I - Sistema Brasileiro de Tecnologia (SIBRATEC). [Relatório Técnico]. Brasília: MCTI.

Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (MCTI). (2013b). Secretaria de Desenvolvimento Tecnológico e Inovação. Programa SIBRATEC 2013. [Relatório de Gestão]. Brasília: MCTI.

Nogueira, M. O. (2017). Um pirilampo no porão: um pouco de luz nos dilemas da produtividade das pequenas empresas e da informalidade no Brasil. Brasília: IPEA.

North, D. C. (1990). Institutions, institutional change and economic performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). (1997). Small businesses, job creation and growth: facts, obstacles and best practices [Best Practices]. Paris: OECD.

Rovere, R. L. L., Hasenclever, L. & Pinto, J. P. de M. (2014). An introduction to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Brazil. In Hernandez, N. & Ramirez, J. (Orgs.), MEs unleashing the potential: opportunities and challenges? The cases of Brazil, Mexico, France, Germany, Italy and Spain (pp. 16-41). New Delhi, Índia: Bloomsbury.

Rutherford, M. (1994). Institutions in economics: the old and the new institutionalism. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Rutherford, M. (2001). Institutional Economics: then and now. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 15(3), 173-194. http://dx.doi:10.1257/jep.15.3.173.

Salami, R., & Soltanzadeh, J. (2012). Comparative analysis for Science, Technology and Innovation Policy: lessons learned from some selected countries (Brazil, India, China, South Korea and South Africa) for other LDCs like Iran. Journal of Technology Management and Innovation, 7(1), 211-227. http://dx.doi:10.4067/S0718-27242012000100014.

Schumpeter, J. A. [1934] (1961). The theory of economic development: an inquiry into profits, capital, credit, interest and the business cycle. Oxford: Oxford U.P.

Schumpeter, J. A. [1943] (1976). Capitalism, socialism e democracy. London: George Allen & Unwin (Publishers).

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). (2016). Structural transformation for inclusive and sustained growth. [Trade and Development Report]. New York and Geneva: United Nations.

Yin, R. K. (2014). Case study research: design and methods. Fifth edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.




Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Technology Management & Innovation

2019 © Universidad Alberto Hurtado - Facultad de Economía y Negocios. 
Erasmo Escala 1835 - Santiago, Chile.
Economic Analysis Review | Observatorio Económico | Gestión y Tendencias 

Journal Supported by