What Motivates Brazilian Academic Researchers to Transfer Technology?

  • Lisiane Closs Escola de Administração - Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Address: Rua Washington Luiz, 855- Centro - Porto Alegre – RS – Brasil - ZipCode: 90010-460 - Phone: +55 51 3308 3536 / Fax: + 55 51 3308 3991
  • Gabriela Ferreira Faculdade de Administração, Contabilidade e Economia - Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul. Address: Avenida Ipiranga, 6681, Partenon - Porto Alegre – RS – Brasil - ZipCode: 90619-900
  • Vinicius Brasil Faculdade de Administração, Contabilidade e Economia - Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul. Address: Avenida Ipiranga, 6681, Partenon - Porto Alegre – RS – Brasil - ZipCode: 90619-900
  • Claudio Sampaio Faculdade de Administração, Contabilidade e Economia - Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul. Address: Avenida Ipiranga, 6681, Partenon - Porto Alegre – RS – Brasil - ZipCode: 90619-900
  • Marcelo Perin Faculdade de Administração, Contabilidade e Economia - Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul. Address: Avenida Ipiranga, 6681, Partenon - Porto Alegre – RS – Brasil - ZipCode: 90619-900
Keywords: technology transfer, university-industry, academic scientist, motivation.

Abstract

This study investigated what motivates Brazilian academic researchers to get involved in University-Industry Technology Transfer (UITT) and deterrents to contributing to this process. The research relied on interviews with experienced academic scientists and managers from four universities in Brazil. Determination, persistence and entrepreneurship, related to motivational types Self-direction and Stimulation, were prominent. Hedonism, Achievement and Power - highlighting a shift in their professional identity - were also observed. Universalism type involved opening career opportunities, awakening and maintaining the interest of students. The major motivational goals were: generate resources, solve problems, professional challenge, personal gains, personal gratification, academic prestige, competition, and solving problems of society. Factors that discouraged researchers were: time required for UITT, lack of incentive, innovation environment, and fear of contravening university rules, among others. Knowledge of motivational profiles of academic scientists favors the development of incentive policies and programs for UITT, helping to attract and retain qualified researchers at Brazilian universities.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Author Biography

Lisiane Closs, Escola de Administração - Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Address: Rua Washington Luiz, 855- Centro - Porto Alegre – RS – Brasil - ZipCode: 90010-460 - Phone: +55 51 3308 3536 / Fax: + 55 51 3308 3991
Professor at UFRGS Business School.

References

BALDINI, N. (2006). University patenting and licensing activity: a review of the literature. Research Evaluation, 15(3), 197-207. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3152/147154406781775878

BALDINI, N. (2010). Do royalties really foster university patenting activity? An answer from Italy. Technovation, 30, 109-116. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2009.09.007

BALDINI, N. (2011). University patenting: patterns of faculty motivations. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 23 (2), 103-121. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09537325.2011.543329

BALDINI, N., Grimaldi, R., Sobrero, M. (2007). To patent or no to patent? A survey of Italian inventors on motivations, incentives and obstacles to university patenting. Scientometrics, 70(2), 333-354. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/ambpp.2005.18783536

BERGAMINI, C. (2008). Motivação nas organizações. São Paulo: Atlas.

CALDERA, A., Debande, O. (2010). Performance of Spanish universities in technology transfer: an empirical analysis. Research Policy, 39, 1160-1173. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2010.05.016

CLOSS, L., Ferreira, G. C., Sampaio, C. H., Perin, M. G. (2012a). Organizational Factors that Affect the University-Industry Technology Transfer Processes of a Private University. Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, 7(1), 104-117. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-27242012000100007

CLOSS, L., Ferreira, G. C., Sampaio, C. H., Perin, M. G. (2012b). Intervenientes na Transferência de Tecnologia Universidade-Empresa: o Caso PUCRS. Revista de Administração Contemporânea, 16, 59-78. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1415-65552012000100005

CLOSS, L., Ferreira, G. C. A Transferência de Tecnologia Universidade-Empresa no Contexto Brasileiro: uma Revisão de Estudos Científicos Publicados entre os anos 2005 e 2009. Gestão & Produção, 19, 419-432. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0104-530x2012000200014.

CORRÊA, F. (2007). A patente na universidade: contexto e perspectivas de uma política de geração de patentes na Universidade Federal Fluminense. Master’s Dissertation. Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói.

DALMARCO, G., Dewes, M., Zawislak, P., Padula, A. (2011). Universities’ intellectual property: path for innovation or patent competition? Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, 6(3), 159-169. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0718-27242011000300012.

D’ESTE, P., Mahdi, S.; Neely, A.; Rentocchini, F. (2012). Inventors and entrepreneurs in academia: what types of skills and experience matter? Technovation, 32, 293-303. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2011.12.005.

ETZKOWITZ, H. The evolution of the entrepreneurial university. International Journal Technology and Globalization, v. 1 p. 64-77, 2004. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6486.2010.00995.x.

FUJINO, A., Stal, E. (2007). Gestão da propriedade intelectual na universidade pública brasileira: diretrizes para licenciamento e comercialização. Revista de Negócios, 12(1), 104-120.

GIMENEZ, A., Bonacelli, M., Carneiro, A. (2012). The Challenges of Teaching and Training in Intellectual Property. Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, 7(4). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-27242012000400014

GARNICA; L., Torkomian, A.L. (2009). Gestão de Tecnologia em universidades: uma análise do patenteamento e dos fatores de dificuldades e de apoio à transferência de tecnologia no Estado de São Paulo. Gestão & Produção, 16 (4), 624-638. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0104-530x2009000400011

HOYE, K., Pries, F. (2009). ‘Repeat commercializers’, the ‘habitual entrepeneurs’ of university-industry technology transfer. Technovation, 29, 682-689. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2009.05.008

JAIN, S., George, G., Maltarich, M. (2009). Academics or entrepreneurs? Investigating role identity modification of university scientists involved in commercialization activity. Research Policy, 38, 922-935. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2009.02.007

LINK, A., Siegel, D., Bozeman, B. (2007). An empirical analysis of the propensity of academics to engage in informal university technology transfer. Industrial and Corporate Change, 16 (4), 641-655. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.902207

MERRIAM, S. (2002). Qualitative research in practice: examples for discussion and analysis. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

PÓVOA, L. (2008). Patentes de universidades e institutos públicos de pesquisa e a transferência de tecnologia para empresas no Brasil. Doctoral Thesis. Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte.

PÓVOA, L., Rapini, M. (2010). Technology transfer from universities and public research institutes to firms in Brazil: what is transferred and how the transfer is carried out. Science and Public Policy, 37 (5), 369-379. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3152/030234210x496619

SANTANA, E., Porto, G. (2009). E agora, o que fazer com essa tecnologia? Um estudo multicaso sobre as possibilidades de transferência de tecnologia na USP-RP. Revista de Administração Contemporânea, 13(3), 410-429. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1415-65552009000300005

SIEGEL, D., Waldman, D., Atwater, L., Link, A. (2004). Toward a model of effective transfer of scientific knowledge from academicians to practitioners: qualitative evidence from commercialization of university technologies. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 21, 115-142. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jengtecman.2003.12.006

TAMAYO, A., Paschoal, T. (2003). A relação da motivação para o trabalho com as metas do trabalhador. Revista de Administração Contemporânea, 7(4), 33-54. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1415-65552003000400003

THURSBY, J., Fuller, A., Thursby, M. US faculty patenting: inside and outside the university. Research Policy, 38, 14-25, 2009. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3386/w13256

THURSBY, J., Thursby, M. (2011). Faculty participation in licensing: implications for research. Research Policy, 40(1), 20-29. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2010.09.014

ZAWISLAK, P., Dalmarco, G. (2011). The silent run: new issues and outcomes for university-industry relations in Brazil. Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, 6(2), 66-81. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0718-27242011000200005

Published
2013-12-16
How to Cite
ClossL., FerreiraG., BrasilV., SampaioC., & PerinM. (2013). What Motivates Brazilian Academic Researchers to Transfer Technology?. Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, 8(4), 79-90. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-27242013000500008
Section
Research Articles