Country Competitiveness Relationship with Higher Education Indicators

Santos Lopez-Leyva, Gary Rhoades

Abstract


This paper reports the performance of global competitiveness and higher education competitiveness between two groups of countries. The first group is formed by four Asian countries; the second one by four Latin American countries. Indicators from the World Economic Forum 2007-2015 are compared. The indicators with the nearest proximity were found in the management quality of the universities, where there was only a five-point difference in favor of the Asian group. The indicator with the widest gap came from the quality of math and sciences education where we found a difference of 104 points. This is congruent with the results of PISA 2012, which showed a difference of 152 points in math.

Keywords


higher education; competitiveness; Asian countries; Latin-American countries; quality in higher education; indicators of higher education; World Economic Forum; rankings of countries; competitive advantages; higher education systems

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-27242016000400007



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