Determinants of International Technology Transfer: an Empirical Analysis of the Enterprise Europe Network

Carina Araújo, Aurora A.C. Teixeira

Abstract


This paper explores the key factors that foster technology transfer within the triad university-industry-government in an international context, i.e., the Enterprise Europe Network (EEN). Based on 71 technological Partnership Agreements (PAs), estimation results indicate that PAs associated to partners that provide their collaborators with the appropriate training in technology transfer-related issues, present substantial past experience in international or technological projects, and participate in extensive networks, are those that achieve better performances in terms of international technology transfer. High levels of formal schooling per se are not a key determinant of international technology transfer; the critical factor is highly educated human resources who receive complementary training in technology transfer issues.

Keywords


International technology transfer; Triple Helix; Enterprise Europe Network.

Full Text:

PDF [en]

References


ARVANITIS, S., Woerter, M. (2009). Firms’ transfer strategies with universities and the relationship with firms’ innovation performance, Industrial and Corporate Change, 18 (6), 1067–1106. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icc/dtp029

ARVANITIS, S., Kubli, U., Worter, M. (2005). Determinants of knowledge and technology transfer activities between firms and science institutions in Switzerland: an analysis based on firm data, KOF-Arbeitspapiere/Working Papers 116, December. http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.892575

BESSANT, J., Rush, H. (1995). Building bridges for innovation: the role of consultants in technology transfer, Research Policy, 24, 97 – 114. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0048-7333(93)00751-e

BOZEMAN, B. (2000). Technology transfer and public policy: a review of research and theory, Research Policy, 29, 627 – 655. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0048-7333(99)00093-1

COHEN, W. M., Levinthal, D. A. (1990). Absorptive capacity: a new perspective on learning and innovation, Administrative Science Quarterly, 35 (1), 128 -152. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2393553

DUAN, Y., Nie, W., Coakes, E. (2010). Identifying key factors affecting transnational knowledge transfer, Information & Management, 47, 356 – 363. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.im.2010.08.003

EC-CIP (2008). European Commission, Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme - Implementation Report 2010, Bruxels: European Commission.

ETZKOWITZ, H. (1998).The norms of entrepreneurial science: cognitive effects of the new university-industry linkages, Research Policy, 27, 823 – 833. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0048-7333(98)00093-6

ETZKOWITZ, H. (2003). Innovation in innovation: the Triple Helix of University-Industry-Government relations, Social Science Information, 42 (3), 293 – 337. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/05390184030423002

ETZKOWITZ, H., Leydesdorff, L. (1995). The Triple Helix - university-industry-government relations: a laboratory for knowledge-based economic development. EASST Review, 14, 14-19.

ETZKOWITZ, H., Leydesdorff, L. (2000). The dynamics of innovation: from National Systems and Mode 2 to a Triple Helix of university-industry-government relations, Research Policy, 29, 109-123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0048-7333(99)00055-4

GIBSON, D. V., Smilor, R. W. (1991). Key variables in technology transfer: a field-study based empirical analysis, Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 8, 287 – 312. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0923-4748(91)90015-j

GKIKAS, A. (2011). Triple Helix dynamics in peripheral regions: evidence from Wales, in Triple Helix IX International Conference - “Silicon Valley: Global Model or Unique Anomaly?”, 11-14 July 2011.

GLASS, A .J., Saggi, K. (2002). Multinational Firms and Technology Transfer, Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 104 (4), 495- 513. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9442.00298

GOPALAKRISHNAN, S., Santoro, M. D. (2004). Distinguishing between knowledge transfer and technology activities: the role of key organizational factors, IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 51 (1), 57 – 69. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/tem.2003.822461

KELLER, W. (2004). International Technology Diffusion, Journal of Economic Literature, 42, 752 – 782. http://dx.doi.org/10.1257/0022051042177685

KNELLER, R., Pantea, S., Upward, R. (2010). Does Absorptive capacity affect who benefits from international technology transfer?, in ESTG 2010 Lausanne - Twelfth Annual Conference.

KOHLER, B. M., Rubenstein, A. H., Douds, C. F. (1973). A behavioral study of international technology transfer between the United States and west Germany, Research Policy, 2, 160 – 184. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0048-7333(73)90001-2

LAI, W.- H. (2011). Willingness-to-engage in technology transfer in industry–university collaborations, Journal of Business Research, 64, 1218 – 1223. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2011.06.026

LAROCHE, E., Amara, N. (2011). Transfer activities among Canadian researchers: Evidence in occupational safety and health, Safety Science, 49, 406 – 415. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2010.10.005

LEE, A. H., Wang, W- M., Lin, T- Y. (2010). An evaluation framework for technology transfer of new equipment in high technology industry, Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 77, 135 – 150. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2009.06.002

LEYDESDORFF, L., Etzkowitz, H. (2001). The transformation of university-industry government relations, Electronic Journal of Sociology, 5 (4), at http://www.sociology.org/content/vol005.004/th.html [13 September 2014]

LEYDESDORFF, L., Meyer, M. (2003). Triple Helix of university-industry-government relations, Scientometrics, 58 (2), 191-203. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1026276308287

MADEUF, B. (1984). International technology transfer and international technology payments: definitions, measurements and firm’ behavior, Research Policy 13(3), 125 – 140. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0048-7333(84)90021-0

MAYER, R. C., Davis, J. H., Schoorman, F. D. (1995). An integrative model of organizational trust, The Academy of Management Review, 20 (3), 709 – 734. http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/amr.1995.9508080335

PAPAGIANNIDIS, S., Li, F. (2005). Skills brokerage: A new model for business start-ups in the networked economy, European Management Journal, 23 (4), 471 – 482. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.emj.2005.06.002

PAPAGIANNIDIS, S., Li, F., Etzkowitz, H. (2009). Entrepreneurial networks: A Triple Helix approach for brokering human and social capital, Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 7 (3), 215 – 235. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10843-009-0038-x

REDDY, N., Zhao, L. (1990). International technology transfer: A review, Research Policy, 10, 285 – 307. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0048-7333(90)90015-x

SANTORO, M. D, Gopalakrishnan, S. (2000). The institutionalization of knowledge transfer activities within industry–university collaborative ventures, Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 17, 299 – 319. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0923-4748(00)00027-8

SANTORO, M. D., Bierly III, P. E. (2006). Facilitators of knowledge transfer in University- Industry Collaborations: A Knowledge-based perspective, IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 53 (4), 495 – 507. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/tem.2006.883707

SHERWOOD, A. L., Covin, J. G. (2008). Knowledge acquisition in university-industry alliances: an empirical investigation from a learning theory perspective, Journal of Product Innovation Management, 25 (2), 162 – 179. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-5885.2008.00292.x

SUNG, T. K., Gibson, D. V., Kang, B- S. (2003). Characteristics of technology transfer in business ventures: the case of Daejeon, Korea, Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 70, 449 – 466. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0040-1625(02)00360-8

TEECE, D. J. (1977). Technology transfer by multinational firms: the resource cost of transferring technological know-how, The Economic Journal, 87 (346), 242 – 261. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2232084

TEIXEIRA, A. A. C., Mota, L. (2012). A bibliometric portrait of the evolution, scientific roots and influence of the literature on University-Industry links, Scientometrics, 93 (3), 719-743. http:// dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11192-012-0823-5

ZAHEER, A., McEvily, B., Perrone, V. (1998). Does trust matter? Exploring the effects of interorganizational and interpersonal trust on performance, Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences, 9 (2), 141 – 159. http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/orsc.9.2.141




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-27242014000300009



Copyright (c)



2017 © Universidad Alberto Hurtado - Facultad de Economía y Negocios. 
Erasmo Escala 1835 - Santiago, Chile.
Economic Analysis Review | Observatorio Económico | Gestión y Tendencias 

Journal Supported by Chimera Innova Group