Derramas Tecnológicas Inversas y Desempeño Innovador: El Caso de las Empresas Transnacionales Mexicanas, 1994-2015


  • Alejandra Lara-Francisco Economic and Business Research Institute, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo
  • Mario Gómez Economic and Business Research Institute, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo
  • José Carlos Rodríguez Economic and Business Research Institute - Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo



reverse technology spillovers, absorptive capacity, foreign direct investment, multinational corporations, Mexico, Tobit econometric models.


The expansion of transnational corporations from emerging economies during the last decades has generated a great interest among scholars in analyzing the presence of reverse technology spillovers. This kind of spillovers are generated when transnational corporations use outward FDI to attract and transfer knowledge and technology from abroad to improve their own technology capabilities in their home countries. The aim of this research is to analyze the presence and impact of reverse technology spillovers on Mexican transnational firm performance innovation. Using panel data Tobit econometric models of 13 Mexican multinational corporations over the period of 1994-2015, results confirm the presence of reverse technology spillovers that could be attracted through Mexican firms’ absorptive capabilities. The paper concludes discussing the need of implementing adequate public policies to support the internationalization of the Mexican multinational corporations.


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Author Biographies

Mario Gómez, Economic and Business Research Institute, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo

Mario Gómez holds a Doctorate in Economics from Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) in Mexico. His research interests focus on econometrics modelling and methods, economics of technology change, and international trade and finance. He has published in several journals and conference proceedings on issues related to international economics and finance. He is a Professor at the Economic and Business Research Institute (ININEE) of Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo in Mexico. He has got other appointments as a Visiting Researcher at Universidad del País Vasco in Spain, and as a Professor at Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey (ITESM) in Mexico.

José Carlos Rodríguez, Economic and Business Research Institute - Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo

Professor José Carlos Rodríguez graduated from Université du Québec à Montréal (UQÀM). His research interests are in innovation and technology management, international business and strategy, and system dynamics modelling. Professor Rodríguez is Director of Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Empresariales (Economic and Business Research Institute, ININEE) of Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo in Mexico. He has got other appointments as a Visiting Researcher at Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique (INRS) in Canada, and a Professor at Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey (ITESM) and Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (CIDE) in Mexico.


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How to Cite

Lara-Francisco, A., Gómez, M., & Rodríguez, J. C. (2019). Derramas Tecnológicas Inversas y Desempeño Innovador: El Caso de las Empresas Transnacionales Mexicanas, 1994-2015. Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, 14(1), 40–52.



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