Scientific Knowledge Networks in Peripheral Regions and Local Innovation Systems: The Case of Chemistry in the State of Bahia

Rogério Hermida Quintella, Elizabeth Monteiro Freitas, Andréa Cardoso Ventura, Morjane Armstrong Santos, Daniel Armond Mello, Gustavo Silva Motta, Samantha Jucá

Abstract


Scientific production and technological innovation growth in Brazil are not homogeneous in its different regions despite its public policies. The same phenomenon can be observed within the states of the Brazilian Federation. This article examines the diffusion of scientific expertise in six public institutions of science and technology in the state of Bahia between 2004 and 2008. The state is the largest in the north-east of Brazil, an area marked by a semi-arid climate and a low human development index; however, it has a large chemical and petrochemical complex. This article, focusing on the scientific field of chemistry, is based on foundations of innovation and knowledge management, as well as social network analysis, aiming to examine relations between scientific production and institutional, structural and relational characteristics of inter- and intra-institutional scientific knowledge networks. The results show that public policies on science, technology and innovation regarding the peripheral regions need to be rethought.

Keywords


Scientific knowledge networks, innovation and scientific production, innovation in peripheral regions

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-27242012000100006



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