Innovación y la Importancia de los Flujos Externos de Información: Una Propuesta para el Análisis de los Contactos Informales

Alexandre Trigo

Abstract


Los estudios empíricos sobre los contactos informales en el ámbito de la innovación todavía son muy reducidos debido a las limitaciones a la hora de construir indicadores capaces de identificar y estimar la magnitud de este tipo de intercambio de conocimiento entre individuos. Como forma de solventar esta falta de instrumentos de medición, este artículo presenta como solución alternativa, un análisis a partir de variables existentes en la Community Innovation Survey. Siguiendo esta metodología para una muestra de empresas de servicios en España extraída del Panel de Innovación Tecnológica (PITEC), han sido identificados dos grupos de actividades con elevada propensión a establecer contactos informales con los clientes y proveedores. Este esfuerzo ha permitido identificar flujos externos de información en sectores poco intensivos en tecnología que difícilmente podían ser observados a través de indicadores tradicionales de cooperación debido al carácter tecno-científico de las relaciones representadas en estas variables.

Keywords


Contactos informales; innovación; flujos de información; Community Innovation Survey; cooperación

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-27242011000200011



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