Controversies about the Process of Technology Transfer from Public Research Institutions in Brazil: The Case of the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation - Embrapa.

Christian Luiz da Silva, Nadia Solange Schimitd Bassi, Ariane Hinça Schneider, Helio Gomes de Carvalho

Abstract


This article investigates the process of technology transfer in the Embrapa - Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation, one of the most important center for tropical agricultural technology in the world. Our research is survey-based, and a questionnaire was applied to the employees working at strategic and operational level of a research unit of Embrapa. The results demonstrate that the technology transfer from Embrapa needs instruments, standards and standardized strategies. The lack of standardization of the can lead to disjointed actions among professionals and researchers, and may to make the Embrapa is seen in a fragmented form. Is important to explore new alternatives to treat simultaneously the issues of planning, research and development, transfer and communication in order to reset the current model, such as the use of Dual - use of technology transfer, characterized by a strong interaction between the chain production and potential users of the technology.

Keywords


technology transfer, public research institutions in Brazil, Embrapa

Full Text:

PDF [en]

References


ARAUJO, V.M.R.H. (1979). Estudo dos canais informais de comunicação técnica:seu papel na transferência de tecnologia e na inovação tecnológica. Ciência da Informação, 8(2), p.79-100. Available at:http://revista.ibict.br/ciinf/index.php/ciinf/article/download/1530/1147 [accessed april, 2013].

ATKINSON, R. C. et al. (2003). Intellectual Property Rights: Public Sector Collaboration for Agricultural IP Management. Science, 301(11), p.174-175. DOI:10.1126/science.302.5646.781c

BARRETO, A. A. (1994). A questão da informação. São Paulo em Perspectiva, 8(4), p.3-8.

BLAKENEY, M. (1989). Technology transfer, licensing agreements Foreign; Law and legislation; Developing countries. ESC Pub Oxford.

BOZEMAN, B. (2000). Technology transfer and public policy: a review of research and theory. Research Policy, 29(4), p.627-655. DOI: 10.1016/s0048-7333(99)00093-1

CHOI, H.J, (2009). Technology transfer issues and the new technology transfer model. The Journal of Technology Studies, 35(1). Avaliable at: http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/JOTS/v35/v35n1/choi.html. Access: [march, 2014].

DERETI, R.M. (2009). Transferência e validação de tecnologias agropecuárias a partir de instituições de pesquisa. Development and Environment, 19, p.29-40. DOI: 10.5380/dma.v19i0.12664

EVELAND, J.D (1986). Diffusion, Technology Transfer, and Implementation: Thinking and Talking About Change. Science Communication, 8(2) p.303-322. DOI: 10.1177/107554708600800214

FREY, R.E. (1987). Is there a philosophy of technology? Paper presented at the 74th Mississippi Valley Industrial Teacher Education Conference, Chicago.

FUJISAKA, S. (1994). Learning from Six Reasons Why the farmers not adopt innovations Intended to Improve sustainability of upland agriculture. Agricultural Systems, 46(4), p.409-425. DOI:10.1016/0308-521x(94)90104-n.

GALBRAITH, J.K (1967). The new industrial state. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.

GARNICA, L.A; TORKOMIAN, A.L.V (2009). Gestão de tecnologia em universidades: uma análise do patenteamento e dos fatores de dificuldade e de apoio à transferência de tecnologia no Estado de São Paulo.

Gestão da Producão. 16(4), p.624-638. DOI:10.1590/S0104-530X2009000400011.

GELLER, B. (2010). Las instituciones científicas y La comunicación pública de La ciencia. Periodismo y Comunicación Científica en América Latina. Estado actual y desafios. In: Seminario Interamericano de Periodismo y Comunicación Científica. Buenos Aires.

GOBBLE, P. W. (1987). Technology and science. In: Israel and Wright (Eds.), Conducting technical research Mission Hills, CA: Glencoe.p.27-45.

HEBERLE, A.L.O; SAPPER, S. (2006). Impasses entre midiatização e intercâmbio tecnológico na Embrapa. In: XXIX Congresso Brasileiro de Ciências da Comunicação. Brasília: Intercom.

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY - INPI. Brazil. Available at: http://www.inpi.gov.br/portal/ [accesses in 19, march, 2014].

JOHNSON, S.D, GATZ, E.F,; HICKS, D. (1997). Expanding the content base of technology education: Technology transfer as a topic of study. Journal of Technology Education, 8(2), p.35-49.

PINEIRO, M. (2007). Agricultural technology transfer to Developing Countries and the public sector,1-6. http://www.scidev.net/global/policy-brief/agricultural-technology-transfer-to-developing-cou.html [accesses 25 September, 2013]

ROGERS, E. M. (1995). Diffusion of innovations. Free Press, New York:

ROGERS, E. et al. (1999). Technology transfer from university based research centers: the University of New Mexico. The Journal of Higher Education, 70(6), p.687. DOI: 10.2307/2649171

ROSA NETO, C. (2006). Principais de mandas dos técnicos da extensão e de produtores rurais acerca do processo de inovação tecnológica de uma instituição de pesquisa agropecuária. Série Documentos. Embrapa Rondônia.

RUBENSTEIN, K. D., HEISEY, P.W. (2005). Can Technology Transfer Help Public-Sector Researchers from the More with Less? The case of the USDA's. Agricultural Research Service. AgBioForum, 8 (2 and 3), p.134-142.

SAHAL, D. (1981). Alternative conceptions of technology. Research Policy, 10, p.-24. DOI: 10.1016/0048-7333(81)90008-1.

SCHAUN, N. M. (1981). Difusão de tecnologia no Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Milho e Sorgo. Embrapa-CNPMS, 27 p.

SILVA, H. D.; DUARTE, Jorge. A. M. (2007). Política de comunicação e gestão empresarial: a experiência da Embrapa. In: XXX Congresso Brasileiro de Ciências da Comunicação. Santos: Intercom.

SKOLIMOWSKI, H. (1966). The structure of thinking in technology. Culture and Technology, 7(3), p.371-383. DOI: 10.2307/3101935.

TAGLIARI, P.S (1984). Analysis of the communication linkages between the research and evaluation agencies and extensions of the research publications in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. 207 p. M.Sc. thesis (Master of Agricultural science journalism) - University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1984.

WILDNER, LP; NADAL, R.; SILVESTRO. (1993). Metodologia para integrar a pesquisa, a extensão rural e o agricultor. Agropecuária Catarinense, 6(3) p.37-47.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-27242014000300014



Copyright (c)



2017 © Universidad Alberto Hurtado - Facultad de Economía y Negocios. 
Erasmo Escala 1835 - Santiago, Chile.
Economic Analysis Review | Observatorio Económico | Gestión y Tendencias 

Journal Supported by Chimera Innova Group